User:Kkelly

From Wiki
Katherine Kelly

Katherine Kelly is a Senior Book Conservator at the Library of Congress in Washington, DC. Previously, she has worked at the Smithsonian Institution Libraries, the National Archives, Iowa State University, Harvard University, and Cornell University. She received her MS in Information Studies and Certificate of Advanced Study in Conservation of Library and Archival Materials from the University of Texas at Austin in 2007.

From 2012-2014, Katherine was part of the Wiki Working Group. In 2014, she became compiler for two pages, Mold and a new page on Scrapbooks. In 2019, she became the compiler for a new page on the Use of Leather in Book Conservation. From 2016-2020, Katherine was the Book Conservation Wiki Coordinator. She continues to work on the wiki in a less formal capacity.

The rest of this page is a sandboxing area where I collect my incomplete thoughts about future content for the wiki. It is, therefore, poorly curated.

My List of Useful Links

Photo Gallery



Here are some images that I may use someday in the wiki - please feel free to use them yourself, but I would appreciate a heads-up.

Tips/Examples on Wiki Formatting

I should move some of this stuff to Wiki:Community portal


Translation/Language Options

testing out the concept...

干燥与平整 (cut and paste from another document)

示例文字为中文,输入google翻译。 (Sample text in chinese language, typed into google translate.)

Table of Contents Options

Health & Safety has a TOC off to the side...

photo display: gallery format with captions

photo display: stand-alone with caption

The result of housing paper materials between Mylar sheets adhered with double-stick tape

Videos

The Book and Paper Group Wiki YouTube Channel

Replaced by the AIC YouTube Channel

Embedded a single video:


Embedding two videos next to each other:

Sokolowski precoated tissue making. March 2018. Sokolowski wetting up precoated tissue. March 2018.

Embedding a playlist:


Videos about materials and tools
used in book and paper conservation.


This is a playlist of all the videos hosted by the AIC YouTube Channel and uploaded by the BPG Wiki Coordinators.

Playlists on the AIC YouTube Channel, administered by the BPG Wiki Coordinators.

link to a pdf hosted on the wiki

link to page with link to pdf:
title of handout

link directly to pdf:
title of handout

Horton, Richard 2000. “Glossary of Terms Relating to Photo Albums” in Conservation of Scrapbooks and Albums: Postprints of the Book and Paper Group/Photographic Materials Group Joint Session at the 27th Annual Meeting of the American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works. 21-28. AIC, Washington, DC.

useful places where I learned wiki editing

Images
Tables

http://www.tablesgenerator.com/mediawiki_tables


Categories
Subcategories
Breadcrumbs
http://www.conservation-wiki.com/wiki/MediaWiki:Breadcrumbs
Hex Codes for Colors
How to Embed YouTube Playlists

Goals and Wish Lists

AIC Wiki Goals

Suggestions have been moved to Wiki:Community portal

Suggestions for Discussion Topics with SG Wiki heads

Template for new Chapter - rename, suggest BPG's template as the new standard.

BPG Wiki Goals

  • sort out categories/breadcrumbs and apply across BPG Wiki
  • Finish this history of the book conservation catalog.
  • Kill off "catalog" and "catalogue"

Technical Investigations and Fixes

  • research formatting options for the autogenerated table of contents. (at the top, off to the side, limiting depth of detail?)
  • replace link-to-page-with-link-to-pdf with link-to-pdf for all pdfs.
  • Fix format of portal so it looks better and more even (check against variable screen sizes, browsers, pc vs. mobile)

BPG Wish list for content

File:VanDykeFig1.jpg File:VanDykeFig2.jpg File:VanDykeFig3.jpg

Some ideas for my wiki retirement: put all the ideas collected below into useful places on the wiki.

  • Add images scanned by Stephon B.
  • work on the initials in those Book pages
  • clean up Leaf attachment and sewing repair page (K can start this)
    • Format headers, bibliography, add links to other pages
    • Michelle and Katherine will think about desiderata for page.


Suggested addition to Parchment Bookbinding: Rehumidification of splayed parchment bookbindings can be performed by slowly adding weight or restraint in slightly elevated RH, over many months. This can allow a book to be safely reshaped in its storage environment if the summer humidity is tends to be high, but is still within normal library limits.

Add discussion of using foamed cleaners for cleaning BPG Parchment Bookbinding or Leather, See recipe in this book: https://www.scribd.com/doc/219416439/PB-Hallebeek-Guidelines-for-the-Conservation-of-Leather-and-Parchment-Book-Bindings. Add a caution about avoiding Triton X, link to Sustainable Solvent Use for explanation.


Historical Binding Resources

Husby, Scott. 2007; updates: 2008, 2009. Bookbindings on Incunables in American Libraries: An Illustrated Census. Website hosted by the Bibliographical Society of America . Last updated March 2016. Accessed May 12, 2017.

Kroupa, Sandra, Katie Blake and Johanna Burgess. 2006-2007. Decorated and Decorative Paper Collection. University of Washington Libraries.

An online resource on historical decorated paper, including marbled paper patterns and paste paper patterns.

Miller, Julia. 2014. Books Will Speak Plain: a Handbook for Identifying and Describing Historical Bindings. 2nd ed. Ann Arbor, Mich. : Legacy Press.

The first edition was published in 2010. The second edition, published in 2014, contains a new section about early canvas bindings, and additional images have been added to the book and CD. This book provides an excellent introduction to Western book binding styles, and is particularly notable for the wealth of bibliographic references to explore topics in greater depth, the attention paid to the more prosaic bindings of various time periods, and the great color images on the accompanying CD. Interesting discussion of "folk mends" or "folk repairs" (p.246-7).

Miller, Julia, ed. 2013 and ??. Suave Mechanicals : Essays on the History of Bookbinding. Ann Arbor, Mich. : Legacy Press. volume 1 and 2.

Contents: v.1. Historical repair, recycling, and recovering phenomena in the Islamic bindings of the University of Michigan Library : exploring the codicological evidence / Evyn Kropf -- Protection against the evil eye? : votive offerings on Armenian manuscript bindings / Sylvie R. Merian -- Colonial blankbooks in the Winterthur Library / Consuela G. Metzger -- A primer on signed bindings / Robert J. Milevski -- Not just another beautiful book : a typology of American scaleboard bindings / Julia Miller -- Beating, rolling, and pressing : the compression of signatures in bookbinding prior to sewing / Jeffrey S. Peachey -- European influence in the binding of Mexican printed books of the sixteenth century / Martha E. Romero -- Papier-mâché bindings: "shining in black and gorgeous with pearl and gold" / Jennifer W. Rosner -- The 1715 Mohawk prayer book : a study of six copies in colonial American scaleboard bindings / John Townsend -- Author biographies ---

Pickwoad, Nicholas. 1994. "Onward and Downward: How Binders Coped with the Printing Press Before 1800." In Myers and Harris, A Millennium of the Book. Delaware : Oak Knoll Press.

Princeton University Library. Hand BookBindings. Website. Accessed January 13, 2017.

Has sections illustrating ...

University of Alabama. 2005. Publishers' Bindings Online, 1815-1930: The Art of Books (PBO). Website hosted by the University of Alabama.

British Library - Database of Bookbindings.

Folger Shakespeare Library. LUNA: Folger Bindings Image Collection.

Searchable database of bookbindings with images.

Walters Art Museum. Online Collection of Manuscripts.

Searchable database of manuscripts. Includes images of book covers and binding descriptions.

Einbanddatenbank (EBDB).

An online database of historical bookbindings and bookbinding tools. In German. Useful for identifying binder and binding location.


Other

  • Douma, Michael, curator. "Pigments through the Ages." (2008). Accessed June 21, 2019.
  • look at Storage Techniques for Art, Science, and History (STASH) and highlight good articles on the BPG Housings page (and debate whether AIC needs to support 2 overlapping housings pages...)
  • image of front bead and back bead end bands (for lexicon?)
  • Lockshin cradle video
  • pdf optimization tips (OCR text and add title and author) (see here)
  • agarose gel recipe: To make a 3% agarose gel: Mix 4.5g Benchmark Agarose LE with 150mL deionized water. Heat on high in microwave for 2-3 minutes, stirring every 30 seconds until clear and no longer grainy. Air bubbles are normal. Pour out onto a flat glass tray to desired thickness and let set in refrigerator for 1 hour(?).
  • Update the Visual Examination Chapter of the PCC to discuss UV, IR, etc. photography. See Discussion page for notes about collaborating with PMG folks...
  • improve washing page
  • improved Islamic/Persian binding resources

Bibliography from Gels presentation at AIC Annual 2016 (Hughes and Sullivan or was it Leroux?)

Bogaard, John; Whitmore, Paul M. 2001. "Effects of Dilute Calcium Washing Treatments on Paper". Journal of the American Institute for Conservation. 40:2. BCIN.
Scallan, A.M. 1990. "The pH Inside the Fibre Wall". In: Cellulose Sources and Exploitation. (J.F. Kennedy, G.O. Philips, P.A. Williams eds.). New York: John Wiley and Sons. 211-215.
Tse, Season. 2001. "Effect of water washing on paper and cellulosic textiles: an overview and update of CCI research". The Book and Paper Group Annual 20.

History of Conservation Labs

Use this to add to this (LC Conservation Lab History): Harris, Kenneth E. and Susan E. Schur. October 2006. "A Brief History of Preservation and Conservation at the Library of Congress." Available on the Library of Congress, Preservation Directorate website. Accessed June 23, 2017.

Also this: http://library.harvard.edu/sites/default/files/HLPS_harvardpreschronology.pdf for Harvard

Journals

e-Preservation Science

2004 - present. Peer-reviewed, free online

ICON

peer-reviewed, online, moving paywall. CoOL and Taylor & Francis online

JAIC

peer-reviewed, online, moving paywall. CoOL and Taylor & Francis online

Journal of Paper Conservation IADA

peer-reviewed, Taylor and Francis on line; free if IADA member

Restaurator

peer-reviewed, licensed access at degruyter. Abstracts avail at https://www.deepdyve.com

Studies in Conservation

peer-reviewed

Guild of Book Workers Journal

1962 - present. Online 1962-2011.

Book and Paper Group Annual (BPG Annual)

1982 - present. Most recent year available in print (B/W). Digital copy (in color) to BPG Members for a year though MemberFuse, then free online. Not peer reviewed. Also referred to as the Postprints of the AIC Annual Meeting.

The New Bookbinder

1981-present. Print only. Index online.

ICOM-CC

Publications from Triennial Conferences: Copenhagen 2017, Melbourne 2014, Lisbon 2011 available online.

Examination

Baker, Cathleen A. 1985. "A Comparison of Drawing Inks Using Ultraviolet and Infrared Examination Techniques." In Application of Science in Examination of Works of Art, ed. by Pamela A. England and Lambertus van Zelst, 159-163. Boston: Museum of Fine Art.

Iron gall ink and carbon black ink can be distinguished under IR illumination. IGI is faint, carbon-based inks are dark.

Paper

Baker, Cathleen A. 2010. From the Hand to the Machine: Nineteenth-century American paper and mediums: technologies, materials, and conservation. Ann Arbor, Michigan: The Legacy Press.

Paper

Separate BPG Paper Bookbinding into 2 chapters: Decorative Paper (used in Book Binding and Book Conservation) and Paper Case Binding. Under the first, put these resources*

  • Marbled Paper
  • Paste Paper (see UW website for descriptive vocabulary and examples)
  • Printed Paper

Resources

Hall, Lili. 2011. "Paste Paper Tutorial". in Lili's Bookbinding Blog.
Hébert, Henry. 2010. "Paste Papers". Entry on Work of the Hand blog. Accessed March 22, 2018.
Loring, Rosamond. 1942. Decorated book papers: being an account of their designs and fashions. Cambridge, Department of printing and graphic arts, Harvard College Library
The 1942 edition includes samples of various marbled, paste, and other decorative papers.
Kromp, Daniela. [2018]. Buntpapier: Decorated and Decorative Papers from the 17th to the 21st century. [Catalogue #3] Part 1: The 17th and 18th century.
Sales catalog from Rare & Unique Books in Munich, Germany showing historical decorated papers including printed decorative paper, paste paper, marbled paper, brocade paper, and embossed paper. Contains many color illustrations. In German, with short English descriptions at the bottom of each text. Great visual resource for paper decoration.
Maurer-Mathison, Diane. 2002. Art of making paste papers. New York : Watson-Guptill Publications.
Instructions and inspiration for making a wide variety of paste paper designs.
The National Library of the Netherlands (Koninklijke Bibliotheek). "Decorated paper". Accessed March 22, 2018.
Good visual resource for marbled, paste, and other decorative papers.
University of Washington. "Decorated and Decorative Paper Collection"

Mold

  • Continue to build the Mold Recovery and Response (latest draft on the talk page)

Verdigris

Carlson, Lage. 1997. "An Interim Treatment for Paper Degraded by Verdigris." The Book and Paper Group Annual 16.

Maitland, Crystal. 2009. "Where Archival and Fine Art Conservation Meet: Applying Iron Gall Ink Antioxidant and Deacidification Treatments to Corrosive Copper Watercolors .The Book and Paper Group Annual 28.

multiple authors. 2012. "Treatment Considerations for the Haggadah Prayer Book: Evaluation of Two Antioxidants for Treatment of Copper-Containing Inks and Colorants .The Book and Paper Group Annual 31.

Iron-Gall Ink

This would be an excellent call for content, either as part of BPG Media Problems, or as a stand alone page. Start with the citations below, add annotations. Perhaps we should also have a parallel page on copper corrosion (verdigris).

Reissland, Birgit and Frank Ligterink. 2011. The Iron Gall Ink Website.

Albro, Sylvia, Julie l. Biggs, Claire Dekle, Mary Elizabeth Haude, Cyntia Karnes, and Yasmeen Khan. 2008. "Developing Guidelines for Iron-Gall Ink Treatment at the Library of Congress .The Book and Paper Group Annual 27.

Presents guidelines for treating paper documents with iron-gall ink. The guidelines consist of:
  • Examination form designed specifically for iron-gall ink on paper to supplement the primary record of treatment
  • Glossary that standardizes the terminology used in the examination form
  • Recommendations for micro-chemical and solubility testing
  • Flow charts, or “treatment trees”, to guide the decision-making process based on results obtained through examination and testing
  • Explanatory notes on the treatment options presented.

Connelly-Ryan, Cindy, et al. 2007. "Optimizing ink corrosion treatment protocols at the Library of Congress. In Edinburgh Conference Papers 2006, ed. Shulla Jaques. London: Institute of Conservation, 195-202.

Dekle, Claire and Mary Elizabeth Haude. 2008. "Iron-gall Ink Treatment at the Library of Congress: Old Manuscripts—New Tools .The Book and Paper Group Annual 27.

Practical application of the Albro et al. paper above.

Hofmann, Christa, Dubravka Jembrih-Simbürger, Manfred Schreiner, Rudolf Eichinger, Leopold Puchinger, Oliver Hahn, Ute Henniges, Antje Potthast, and Erna Pilch-Karrer. 2007. "To Treat or Not to Treat—That is the Question: Options for the Conservation of Iron-Gall Ink on Paper .The Book and Paper Group Annual 26.

Neevel, Johan G. 2009. "Application issues of the bathophenanthroline test for iron(II) ions." Restaurator.

This article (sent out in a June BPG listserve announcement) recommends the use this iron(II) indicator paper as a testing method. (after a quick read, it is not clear to me if the author is advocating for a required post-testing treatment at the testing spot, or the follow up test of the indicator paper, using a reducing agent...-K)

Titus, Sonja , Regina Schneller, Enke Huhsmann, Ulrike Hähner and Gerhard Banik. 2009. "Stabilising local areas of loss in iron gall ink copy documents from the Savigny estate." Restaurator.

This article (sent out in a June BPG listserve announcement) discusses the treatment of letterpress copy books with iron gall ink using Berlin tissue pre-coated with gelatin, activated with limited moisture on a suction table. Gelatin was chosen over Klucel because of its stabilizing influence on iron gall ink.

Tse, Season, Doug Goltz, Sherry Guild, Valeria Orlandini, Maria Trojan-Bedynski, Mary Richardson. 2009. "Effect of Aqueous Treatments on Nineteenth-Century Iron-Gall-Ink Documents: Assessment Using Hyperspectral Imaging .The Book and Paper Group Annual 28.

Orlandini, Valeria. 2009. "Effect of Aqueous Treatments on Nineteenth-Century Iron-Gall-Ink Documents: Calcium Phytate Treatment--Optimization of Existing Protocols .The Book and Paper Group Annual 28.



Some other thoughts: search terms should include "iron gall ink" and "iron-gall ink". The hyphen is preferred.

Leather Tanning Methods

Dolph, Brittany, Geneva Griswold, and Madeleine Neiman. 2013. "Mending Moccasins: Tear Repair of Brain-tanned Hide Objects." Poster presented at the 2013 ANAGPIC conference.

No information about identification, but some interesting discussion of mending concerns./techniques/adhesives for moccasins.

Bruno P. Pouliot, Dr. Jennifer Mass, Lara Kaplan. 2015. “Using XRF for the Identification of Chrome Tanning in Leather.” Poster presented at American Institute for Conservation 43rd Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida.

“XRF can rapidly, effectively, and nondestructively identify chrome tanned leathers.” They tested a variety of brain tanned leather, but it does not seem that XRF was a useful distinguishing technique.

Cellulose Acetate Delamination

brief mention in BPG Hinge, Tape, and Adhesive Removal : "A technique that is especially good for cellulose acetate delamination, but may also be effective for large quantities of transparent tape adhesive residues is 4 to 7 “baths” in acetone with a final “bath” in ethanol to “rinse” before aqueous treatment. (SD)

Also in lamination in BPG Glossary of Terms

Page, Susan. 2003. "Cellulose Acetate Lamination at the National Archives, Part 1: The Louisiana Purchase Documents, a Case Study". Book and Paper Group Annual 22. Accessed June 7, 2016.

Describes a treatment of early 19th century documents at the National Archives. Delamination was achieved with in a series of 3:1 acetone:water baths. Water was a necessary addition because of the degradation of the cellulose acetate.

Ormsby, Mark. 2003. Cellulose Acetate Lamination at the National Archives Part 2: Analysis of Laminated Documents Using Solid-Phase Microextraction". Book and Paper Group Annual 22. Accessed June 7, 2016.

McGath, Molly, Sonja Jordan Mowery, John Baty, and Mark Pollei. "Cellulose Acetate Lamination: Method and Madness". Gordon Research Conference: Scientific Methods in Cultural Heritage Research, Newry, Maine, July 27 – August 1, 2014.

Cellulose Acetate Lamination: A Literature Review and Survey of Paper-Based Collections in the United States, Restaurator, 36(4), 333-365, 2015

http://conservation.library.jhu.edu/dissemination-2/

Library of Congress Preservation Directorate. "Treatment Evaluations: Cellulose Acetate Laminates".

Various authors. n.d. "Guidelines for the Care of Works on Paper With Cellulose Acetate Lamination". Artwork Preservation Project Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.

Look at these: Stiber, L. 1988. The delamination of the Washington and Lee ledger: part I: An overview of cellulose acetate lamination. In Occasional papers #6, Early advances in conservation ed. Vincent Daniels. 27–40.

McGath, M.; Jordan-Mowery, S.; Pollei, M.; Heslip, S.; Baty, J.: Cellulose Acetate Lamination: A Literature Review and Survey of Paper-Based Collections in the United States, Restaurator, 36(4), 333-365, 2015

http://cool.conservation-us.org/byauth/roggia/barrow/chap08.html

Atlases and Foldouts

Kyle, Hedi. 2017. “The Fold: Evolution, Function, and Inspiration.” In Suave Mechanicals, Vol. 3. Legacy Press.

Investigation of the possibilities of folded structures in book bindings. Particular attention is focused on artist's books and accordion folds, but interesting digressions into East Asian bindings and a little bit of folded structures in atlases.

https://blog.library.si.edu/2016/06/fold-outs-unfolding-unfolding/#.V59wmUbUckA

https://blog.library.si.edu/2016/05/fixing-fold-plate/#.V59xBUbUckA

Gilligan, Eliza. 2016. "When Was the Last Time You Folded a Map?" At the Bench: Notes from a University Library Conservator blog.

Conservation of Oversize Books

Avery, Melina and Ann Lindsey. 2019. "Repairing a 52-Pound Antiphonary at the University of Chicago." The Book and Paper Group Annual 38.

Includes a description of fabricating book conservation equipment to fit a very oversize parchment manuscript volume.

Mayberger, Evelyn, Betty Fiske, Michaelle Biddle, and Abigail Quandt. 2011. "Treatment of an Oversize Rare Book: Research and Decisions on Rebinding" The Book and Paper Group Annual 30.

Covering in Full Leather

Anderson, Priscilla. 2005. "Covering in Leather: Mark Esser". The Guild of Book Workers Journal 40 (1). 27-39. Accessed September 7, 2016.

Recap of a presentation given by Mark Esser at GBW Standards Seminar in Denver in 2003. Many useful tips on full leather binding. Illustrations by Sylvia Ramos Alotta.

Historical Treatments

Potassium Permangenate" as a bleach

Cellulose Acetate Lamination

Krueger, Holly. 2003. "Magnesium Revisited" Book and Paper Group Annual 22.
In addition to.... this article reviews the history of lamination at the Library of Congress from the 1940s to the 1960s and the reasons for its abandonment.
McGath, Molly. 2017. "Cellulose acetate lamination: history." Newsletter (Western Association for Art Conservation) 39, no. 1 (2017 Jan), pp. 16-20 [English]. 2 tables, bibliog.
[not yet read, abstract noted on AATA]

Various Alkalinization Treatments

BPG Alkalization and Neutralization
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diethylzinc (funny quote and possible citation: Kenneth E. Harris; Chandru J. Shahani (2004), Mass Deacidification: An Initiative To Refine The Diethyl Zinc Process (PDF), Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-05-14)
Krueger, Holly. 2003. "Magnesium Revisited" Book and Paper Group Annual 22.
Describes the evolution of treatment practice at the Library of Congress towards the current prevalence of diluted magnesium bicarbonate in an aqueous or ethanol-modified bath. The history of the earlier ""Barrow Two-Step” (concentrated calcium hydroxide, followed by concentrated calcium bicarbonate) and the “Barrow One-Step,” (saturated magnesium bicarbonate) processes with their associated high pH are described as having negative effects on some media, including causing IGI to redden, fade, and/or sink. The history of silking and lamination at the Library of Congress is also reviewed.
That chapter of Paper and Water on deacidification

Use of PVA in enclosed containers

leads to offgassing, ask Olivia Primanis for her example.

Move away from toxic solvents/material

thymol, formaldahyde, MEK, Triton X. Sustainable Solvent Use

Folk Repair

Julia Miller, in Books Will Speak Plain, describes these as "Repairs to historical bindings that appear not to have been executed by a professional binder. Such repairs are often neatly done with sympathetic materials similar to the original binding, but can also be very crude."

Soluble Nylon

Wiki chapter on BPG Consolidation, Fixing, and Facing
Sease, C. “The Case against using soluble nylon in conservation work.” in Studies in Conservation 26, AIC 1981.

Formaldahyde

Hatchfield, Pamela. “Formaldehyde: How Great is the Danger to Museum Collections. Part 2.” Art Conservation Training Programs Conference. University of Delaware, Newark, DE 1985.

Potassium Lactate

Middleton discusses how he no longer recommends the use of potassium lactate as a treatment to protect new leather against decay caused by atmospheric pollutants. (Middleton 2004)

Cellulose Acetate Lamination

citation
This citation explains the historical use of cellulose acetate lamination, and its discontinuance in the early 1980s.

Bleaching with oxidizing agents like potassium permanganate and Chloramine-T (Kruth 1988).

Silking good summary of silking and lamination: http://cool.conservation-us.org/coolaic/sg/bpg/annual/v14/bp14-02.html

Krueger, Holly. 2003. "Magnesium Revisited" Book and Paper Group Annual 22.
In addition to.... this article reviews the history of silking at the Library of Congress from 1900-1940 and the reasons for its abandonment.


Humidification of Iron Gall Ink

citation
This citation explains the concerns with humidification of iron gall ink leading the migration of the soluble iron ions, leading to deterioration of the paper substrate.

Thymol(Kruth 1988), formaldehyde, ethylene oxide as a fumigant for mold

Pressure Sensitive Tape for paper repair

citation
Pressure sensitive tape, first developed in ---, is no longer recommended for mending historically important paper documents because of its tendency to yellow with age, the adhesive to migrate over time, stain the paper, weaken and fail, or chemically change so that it is no longer reversible. Even "acid-free or "archival" pressure sensitive tapes share these problems and should not be used.

Perhaps: cellulose acetate or paraffin as a fixative for media.

Bread used as a surface cleaner for paper (residue), Scum-X,

Treatments that were common restoration methods, but have generally fallen out of favor in conservation work because they can conceal or destroy the historical integrity of the object:

filling losses with near-perfect facsimiles without discrete identification and/or full documentation of the repair
piecing together multiple partial objects into a single complete composite.
Trimming documents or book edges to neaten up stained or uneven edges.

There is of course, a large category of materials that have been used historically for conservation treatment that are no longer used because testing or natural aging has revealed that they do not retain the properties for which they were selected. Many materials lose strength or flexibility, change color or yellow, become less reversible, or stain. Sometimes materials are unsuitable only in specific combinations (e.g. silver tarnishes in proximity to...)

References

Kruth, Leslie M. 1988. "A Survey of Recent Scientific Research which has Caused a Re-evaluation of Commonly Used Practices in Book and Paper Conservation". Book and Paper Group Annual 7.
Middleton, Bernard. 2004. The Restoration of Leather Bindings. Oak Knoll Press. 4th edition. p.58.

To be reviewed: Ted Stanley (1994) The Fraktur: Its History and a Conservation Case Study, Journal of the American Institute for Conservation, 33:1, 33-45, DOI: 10.1179/019713694806066400

talks about Yes paste and other older treatments used at LC

http://cool.conservation-us.org/coolaic/sg/bpg/annual/v08/bp08-02.html
http://cool.conservation-us.org/byorg/abbey/an/an06/an06-1/an06-101.html (Soluble nylon)
http://cool.conservation-us.org/coolaic/sg/bpg/annual/v27/bp27-04.pdf
http://cool.conservation-us.org/coolaic/sg/bpg/annual/v30/bp30-19.pdf
http://cool.conservation-us.org/coolaic/sg/bpg/annual/v29/bp29-09.pdf
http://cool.conservation-us.org/coolaic/sg/bpg/annual/v29/bp29-09.pdf
(rebinding non-western binding into western format)


Overview texts: http://users.teiath.gr/szervos/__objects/docs/zervos_2015_cellulose_authors_version_2015.pdf Nordstrand OK (1987) The conservation treatment of paper. Restaur 8:133-139

My Complaints about Ligatus

  • no useful way to talk about scrapbooks
  • endband terminology is confusing
  • I and several key authors disagree with Ligatus about Kapitalbunde being endbands
  • Overcasting, but not oversewing
  • sewing-support-type secondary stitching should also talk about Julia Miller's observations about scaleboard bindings

Pages I think are dead and should be deleted or cleared

I looked through orphaned pages for BPG content.


Use this code when you delete things that might need links:

#REDIRECT Page Name
  • BPG Iron Gall ink - maybe check with Denise first?
  • Original PCC - I'd forgotten that I made this page. Its one advantage is that it has the PDF versions of the original PCC chapters, hosted on the wiki, not on CoOL. Do we want to save those?
  • Wiki templates - Maybe copy some of the content over to our community guidelines?


To be deleted when Michelle is ready:

Collapsible Content

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Working on Footer 4

Book and Paper Group Wiki List of Chapters...
Book and Paper Group Wiki
Using the Wiki

text

Materials and Tips

text

Preservation

text

Paper Conservation Catalog
Examination and Documentation text
Problems and Issues

text

Materials

text

Conservation Treatment

text

Book Conservation Wiki
Examination and Documentation text
Structural Elements of the Book

text

Book Materials

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Conservation Treatment

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Book and Paper Group Wiki
Using the Wiki

·Contributors' Toolbox ·Reference and Bibliography Protocols ·Accessing Conservation Literature (AIC) ·Help Wanted ·Template for New Page

Materials and Tips

·Annual Meeting Tips Sessions ·Materials, Equipment, and Tools ·Adhesive Recipes and Tips ·Conservation Supply Sources (AIC) ·Gels, Thickeners, and Viscosity Modifiers (ECPN) ·Oddy Tests (R&A) ·Instrumental Analysis (Paintings) ·Technical Examination (Paintings) ·Microchemical Testing (R&A)

Preservation

·Selection for Preservation ·Exhibition, Supports, and Transport ·Imaging and Digitization ·Housings ·Encapsulation ·Integrated Pest Management (AIC) ·Environmental Guidelines (AIC) ·Environmental Monitoring (AIC) ·Agents of Deterioration (AIC) ·Light Levels (AIC) ·Pollutants and Contaminants (AIC) ·Emergency Preparedness & Response (AIC)

Conservation History and Ethics

·AIC Code of Ethics and Guidelines for Practice ·Culturally Sensitive Treatment ·Conservation Ethics (AIC) ·History of Conservation and Conservators (AIC) ·History of the BPG Wiki