Wooden Artifacts

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Wooden Artifacts Group Conservation Wiki

Welcome to the Wooden Artifacts specialty area of the Conservation Catalog wiki site.

Please consider contributing a small article or images to the WAG Wiki about subjects that you think are of interest to other WAG members. It can be works in progress, even incomplete articles.

Ideas and contributions can be sent to r.deurenberg@fallonwilkinson.com or you can become a direct wiki contributor!

--RDeurenbergWilkinson, November 2, 2015 (UTC)

What is furniture conservation[edit | edit source]

History/ Styles[edit | edit source]

Materials[edit | edit source]

Wooden artifacts are often made up of a variation of materials, besides wood. Seating furniture is an excellent example, having many upholstery materials and metal fasteners.

Wood[edit | edit source]

Wood anatomy/ Wood identification[edit | edit source]

Chemical properties[edit | edit source]

Mechanical properties[edit | edit source]

Water and wood[edit | edit source]

Wood composite materials[edit | edit source]

Deterioration of wood[edit | edit source]

Upholstery[edit | edit source]

Woven seats[edit | edit source]

Multilayered upholstery[edit | edit source]

Support materials (webbing, springs)[edit | edit source]

Fill materials (horsehair, grass)[edit | edit source]

Show covers[edit | edit source]

Metal fasteners and attachments[edit | edit source]

Nails and screws[edit | edit source]

Functional hardware (Hinges, locks, casters)[edit | edit source]

Decorative hardware (Corner brackets, drawer pulls, galleries, etc)[edit | edit source]

Finishes[edit | edit source]

Unfinished[edit | edit source]

Clear finishes[edit | edit source]

Painted finishes[edit | edit source]

Japanning[edit | edit source]

Gilding[edit | edit source]

Other Materials[edit | edit source]

Baleen[edit | edit source]

Horn[edit | edit source]

Ivory[edit | edit source]

Feathers[edit | edit source]

Construction/ Joinery[edit | edit source]

Tools and Techniques (tool marks)[edit | edit source]

Wood harvesting[edit | edit source]

Conservation[edit | edit source]

General observations on the conservation of wooden artifacts can be made here, while more detailed discussions follow in the links below.

Studio, Tools and Equipment[edit | edit source]

Workbench[edit | edit source]

Hand tools[edit | edit source]

Power tools[edit | edit source]

Clamping[edit | edit source]

Finishing[edit | edit source]

Materials[edit | edit source]

Animal glue[edit | edit source]

Shellac[edit | edit source]

Carbon Fiber[edit | edit source]

Techniques[edit | edit source]

Structural treatment[edit | edit source]

Shrinkage[edit | edit source]

Warped Wood[edit | edit source]

Loose joinery[edit | edit source]

Veneer, marquetry[edit | edit source]

Consolidation[edit | edit source]

Loss compensation[edit | edit source]

Other decoration (Carving, turning)[edit | edit source]

Loss compensation[edit | edit source]

Gilding[edit | edit source]

Cleaning[edit | edit source]

Loss compensation[edit | edit source]

Finishes[edit | edit source]

Cleaning[edit | edit source]

Touch up[edit | edit source]

Brightening[edit | edit source]

Patination[edit | edit source]

Removal[edit | edit source]

On-site work[edit | edit source]

Ethics and Legal Issues[edit | edit source]

This section currently contains handouts and links, related to a presentation to be held at the 2013 AIC Annual Meeting WAG Session by Yury Yanchyshyn and Alexandra Darraby, entitled:


Contribute to the Wooden Artifacts Group Wiki[edit | edit source]

Growth of the Wooden Artifacts Group Conservation Wiki depends on the volunteer efforts of trained Wooden Artifacts conservators like you. It is not difficult to contribute, but it does take time to acquaint yourself with the Wiki software and the standards of the community.

Getting Started and Community Guidelines[edit | edit source]

Find out how the wiki works and how to get started with contributing articles.

Content and Formatting Guides [edit | edit source]

In this section you will find information on how to compose and edit your articles. The Basic Wooden Artifacts Template and the Wooden Artifacts Materials and Types Template will help you streamline your entries and ensure that everyone follows the same basic outline.

Basic Wooden Artifacts Template[edit | edit source]

The basic template includes the standard Wooden Artifacts Wiki introductory text and formatting guides, such as the specialty group logo, contributors, copyright information, cautionary text, draft banner, and standardized headers.

Wooden Artifacts Materials and Types Template[edit | edit source]

The template for wooden artifact materials and types is more specific and should be used for articles found in the Wooden Artifacts Wiki section on Materials, and can be used as a guide for general pages as well.

Copyright: 2012. The Wooden Artifacts Group Wiki pages are a publication of the Wooden Artifacts Specialty Group of the American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works. The Wooden Artifacts Group Wiki pages are published for the members of the Wooden Artifacts Specialty Group. Publication does not endorse or recommend any treatments, methods, or techniques described herein.