Book Conservation Wiki
Book and Paper Group Wiki > Book Conservation Wiki
Welcome to the Book Conservation Wiki, compiled by members of the American Institute for Conservation (AIC) Book and Paper Specialty Group (BPG). The purpose of the Book Conservation Wiki is to act as a collaborative knowledge base for conservators, covering the current and historical techniques, treatments, materials, and technologies of the book conservation field. This page is maintained by the BPG Publications Committee Paper Wiki Coordinator, Michelle C. Smith.
Content published in the Book Conservation Wiki does not constitute an endorsement or approval of the procedure described, as the wiki also contains historical practices that are no longer seen as ethical. The information on this wiki is intended to be used by conservators, museum professionals, and related fields for educational purposes only. It is not designed to substitute for the consultation of a trained conservator. To find a conservator, please visit AIC's Find A Conservator page.
Copyright 2023. The Book and Paper Group Wiki is a publication of the Book and Paper Group of the American Institute for Conservation. It is published as a convenience for the members of the Book and Paper Group. Publication does not endorse nor recommend any treatments, methods, or techniques described herein. Information on researching with the wiki and citing the BPG Wiki can be found on the Reference and Bibliography Protocols page. The BPG Wiki coordinators can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Cite this page:
Book Conservation Wiki. 2022. Book and Paper Group Wiki. American Institute for Conservation (AIC). Accessed March 21, 2023. https://www.conservation-wiki.com/wiki/Book_Conservation_Wiki
|Documentation and Treatment Process for Books|
|Selection||Books may be selected for preservation by conservators, curators, or other custodians of collections based on a variety of factors including value, condition, usability, and cost of treatment.|
|Assessment and Proposal||
A general assessment is performed, and documentation is prepared describing aspects of the book such as covering material (leather, paper, parchment, or cloth), boards, board attachment method, decoration, fastenings and furniture, endbands, endpapers, sewing/leaf attachment method, text/support material, and media. Depending on the book's format and geographic or cultural origin, these features may vary, and documentation forms may be adjusted as needed. Relevant information on the book's textual contents, social context, and cultural significance may also be included. The book's condition is described in detail and documented through photographs. Based on the assessment, a treatment proposal is developed.
|Treatment||Treatment of books may include actions such as leaf reattachment and sewing repair, board reattachment, washing and alkalinization of the textblock, and more. Leather may be used as a repair material in some cases. For the textblock, treatment techniques may be similar to those used in paper conservation, including surface cleaning; hinge, tape, and adhesive removal; humidification; drying and flattening; sizing and resizing; consolidation, fixing, and facing; mending; and filling losses. All treatment undertaken is documented in the treatment report, including photographic documentation of the work completed.
|Housing||Protective housings for books may include phase boxes, cloth clamshell boxes, corrugated clamshell boxes, and more. Unbound materials may be encapsulated.|
History of the Book Conservation Wiki[edit | edit source]
The Book Conservation Catalog (BCC), begun in 1987 but never published in paper form, was converted into wiki format in 2009 as a subset of the BPG Wiki when the Foundation for Advancement in Conservation (FAIC) launched the AIC Wiki. A full history of the BPG Wiki and the BCC can be found on the History of the BPG Wiki page.
|Paper Conservation Topics|
Surface Cleaning · Hinge, Tape, and Adhesive Removal · Washing · Sizing and Resizing · Bleaching · Enzymes · Chelating Agents · Alkalization and Neutralization · Humidification · Consolidation, Fixing, and Facing · Backing Removal · Mending · Filling of Losses · Drying and Flattening · Lining · Inpainting
|Book Conservation Topics|
|Structural Elements of the Book||
Endpapers · Endbands · Sewing and Leaf Attachment · Book Boards · Board Attachment · Book Decoration · Fastenings and Furniture
Washing of Books · Alkalinization of Books · Leaf Attachment and Sewing Repair · Board Reattachment · Use of Leather in Book Conservation
Animal Skin and Leather · Cloth Bookbinding · Paper Bookbinding · Parchment Bookbinding
Bookbinding Traditions by Region or Culture · East Asian Book Formats · Ethiopian Bindings · Greek-Style Bindings · Western African Books and Manuscripts