From Wiki
Katherine Kelly

Katherine Kelly is the Book Conservation Wiki Coordinator. This is a three year, appointed position on the BPG Publications Committee. In collaboration with the Paper Coordinator, Diane Knauf, Katherine is responsible for overseeing chapter and section revisions, raising awareness of the Wiki, keeping BPG members informed of its progress, recruiting contributors, organizing editing events, assisting anyone that comes forward with research and expertise they want to share, and integrating the Wiki with other BPG PubComm efforts. Please contact her at [email protected] or, if you are logged into this site, by clicking the "Email this user" link below.

Katherine Kelly is also a Senior Book Conservator at the Library of Congress in Washington, DC. Previously, she has worked at the Smithsonian Institution Libraries, the National Archives, Iowa State University, Harvard University, and Cornell University. She received her MS in Information Studies and Certificate of Advanced Study in Conservation of Library and Archival Materials from the University of Texas at Austin in 2007.

From 2012-2014, Katherine was part of the Wiki Working Group, whose purpose was to encourage the development of the online BPG catalogs, gauge interest in Wiki publishing, and develop goals for the catalogs. In 2014, she became compiler for two chapters, Mold in the PCC and a new BCW chapter on Scrapbooks. In 2019, she became the compiler for a new page Use of Leather in Book Conservation.

The rest of this page is a sandboxing area where I collect my incomplete thoughts about future content for the wiki. It is, therefore, poorly curated.

My List of Useful Links

Photo Gallery

Here are some images that I may use someday in the wiki - please feel free to use them yourself, but I would appreciate a heads-up.

Tips/Examples on Wiki Formatting

Table of Contents Options

Health & Safety has a TOC off to the side...

photo display: gallery format with captions

photo display: stand-alone with caption

The result of housing paper materials between Mylar sheets adhered with double-stick tape


The Book and Paper Group Wiki YouTube Channel

Replaced by the AIC YouTube Channel

Embedded a single video:

Embedding two videos next to each other:

Sokolowski precoated tissue making. March 2018. Sokolowski wetting up precoated tissue. March 2018.

Embedding a playlist:

Videos about materials and tools
used in book and paper conservation.

This is a playlist of all the videos hosted by the AIC YouTube Channel and uploaded by the BPG Wiki Coordinators.

Playlists on the AIC YouTube Channel, administered by the BPG Wiki Coordinators.

link to a pdf hosted on the wiki

link to page with link to pdf:
title of handout

link directly to pdf:
title of handout

Horton, Richard 2000. “Glossary of Terms Relating to Photo Albums” in Conservation of Scrapbooks and Albums: Postprints of the Book and Paper Group/Photographic Materials Group Joint Session at the 27th Annual Meeting of the American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works. 21-28. AIC, Washington, DC.

useful places where I learned wiki editing


Hex Codes for Colors
How to Embed YouTube Playlists

Goals and Wish Lists

AIC Wiki Goals

  • discuss with other SGs
  • improve appearance of external links. They are not very obvious at all on the page. I would like to see something like this, except with the icon after the link. It would look like wikipedia :)
  • With other SGs, identify strong pages in each other's silo that we would recommend be developed into shared resources. My starting list:
  • PMG Mold
  • PMG photodoc
  • As in the above example, nested bullets are poorly distinguished. I would prefer an open circle as the level 2 bullet.
  • when pages are printed, it looks stupid (headers print out at full links)
  • can videos have captions?
  • Work with other SGs to sort out these pages:
  • Access analytics beyond page counts
  • unique views
  • view counts for pdfs (when link is direct, the page view count does not work)
  • Fix page name conventions w/ lexicon book side, paper side, BPG prefix

BPG Wiki Goals

  • change name of page to Book and Paper Group Wiki
  • sort out categories/breadcrumbs and apply across BPG Wiki
  • update portal to show shared PCC and BCW pages. - Done!-
  • standardize banners, headers, disclaimers, copyright statements, and portals and apply across the BPG Wiki
  • file naming convention for BPG pages (should we always precede with "BPG"?)
  • consider merging PCC and BCW in to the Book and Paper Group Wiki. Either way, decide on formal structure, names, and interrelationship of pages (this is necessary for creating breadcrumbs and categories). Standard terms: Book Conservation Wiki, BPG wiki, Book and Paper Group Wiki, Paper Conservation Wiki/Paper Conservation Catalog Wiki. Retired terms: Book Conservation Catalog
  • At the BPG Wiki Session at AIC Annual 2016, there was strong consensus that we can and should improve the wiki navigation and usability by moving away from the legacy format of the print PCC. This means that we should:
Remove numbered outline structure and replace with headers to create a table of contents with internal links.
Remove all internal references to the numbered outline and replace with internal links to headers
  • There was also strong consensus that we should work towards putting up new content, and that it was fine to set aside the legacy content of the paper PCC (while still keeping it available in pdf form) to enable us to build up new content.

Technical Investigations and Fixes

  • research formatting options for the autogenerated table of contents. (at the top, off to the side, limiting depth of detail?)
  • replace link-to-page-with-link-to-pdf with link-to-pdf for all pdfs.
  • Fix format of portal so it looks better and more even (check against variable screen sizes, browsers, pc vs. mobile)
  • Is there a way to display a different "page name" than the one used for the url name. i.e. I want the page called Scrapbooks to be displayed as Preservation and Conservation of Scrapbooks. Or is this a bad idea?

BPG Wish list for content

File:VanDykeFig1.jpg File:VanDykeFig2.jpg File:VanDykeFig3.jpg

Add discussion of using foamed cleaners for cleaning Parchment or Leather, See recipe in this book: Add a caution about avoiding Triton X, link to Sustainable Solvent Use for explanation.

Historical Binding Resources

Husby, Scott. 2007; updates: 2008, 2009. Bookbindings on Incunables in American Libraries: An Illustrated Census. Website hosted by the Bibliographical Society of America . Last updated March 2016. Accessed May 12, 2017.

Kroupa, Sandra, Katie Blake and Johanna Burgess. 2006-2007. Decorated and Decorative Paper Collection. University of Washington Libraries.

An online resource on historical decorated paper, including marbled paper patterns and paste paper patterns.

Miller, Julia. 2014. Books Will Speak Plain: a Handbook for Identifying and Describing Historical Bindings. 2nd ed. Ann Arbor, Mich. : Legacy Press.

The first edition was published in 2010. The second edition, published in 2014, contains a new section about early canvas bindings, and additional images have been added to the book and CD. This book provides an excellent introduction to Western book binding styles, and is particularly notable for the wealth of bibliographic references to explore topics in greater depth, the attention paid to the more prosaic bindings of various time periods, and the great color images on the accompanying CD. Interesting discussion of "folk mends" or "folk repairs" (p.246-7).

Miller, Julia, ed. 2013 and ??. Suave Mechanicals : Essays on the History of Bookbinding. Ann Arbor, Mich. : Legacy Press. volume 1 and 2.

Contents: v.1. Historical repair, recycling, and recovering phenomena in the Islamic bindings of the University of Michigan Library : exploring the codicological evidence / Evyn Kropf -- Protection against the evil eye? : votive offerings on Armenian manuscript bindings / Sylvie R. Merian -- Colonial blankbooks in the Winterthur Library / Consuela G. Metzger -- A primer on signed bindings / Robert J. Milevski -- Not just another beautiful book : a typology of American scaleboard bindings / Julia Miller -- Beating, rolling, and pressing : the compression of signatures in bookbinding prior to sewing / Jeffrey S. Peachey -- European influence in the binding of Mexican printed books of the sixteenth century / Martha E. Romero -- Papier-mâché bindings: "shining in black and gorgeous with pearl and gold" / Jennifer W. Rosner -- The 1715 Mohawk prayer book : a study of six copies in colonial American scaleboard bindings / John Townsend -- Author biographies ---

Pickwoad, Nicholas. 1994. "Onward and Downward: How Binders Coped with the Printing Press Before 1800." In Myers and Harris, A Millennium of the Book. Delaware : Oak Knoll Press.

Princeton University Library. Hand BookBindings. Website. Accessed January 13, 2017.

Has sections illustrating ...

University of Alabama. 2005. Publishers' Bindings Online, 1815-1930: The Art of Books (PBO). Website hosted by the University of Alabama.

British Library - Database of Bookbindings.

Folger Shakespeare Library. LUNA: Folger Bindings Image Collection.

Searchable database of bookbindings with images.

Walters Art Museum. Online Collection of Manuscripts.

Searchable database of manuscripts. Includes images of book covers and binding descriptions.

Einbanddatenbank (EBDB).

An online database of historical bookbindings and bookbinding tools. In German. Useful for identifying binder and binding location.


  • Douma, Michael, curator. "Pigments through the Ages." (2008). Accessed June 21, 2019.
  • look at Storage Techniques for Art, Science, and History (STASH) and highlight good articles on the Housings page (and debate whether AIC needs to support 2 overlapping housings pages...)
  • image of front bead and back bead end bands (for lexicon?)
  • Lockshin cradle video
  • pdf optimization tips (OCR text and add title and author) (see here)
  • agarose gel recipe: To make a 3% agarose gel: Mix 4.5g Benchmark Agarose LE with 150mL deionized water. Heat on high in microwave for 2-3 minutes, stirring every 30 seconds until clear and no longer grainy. Air bubbles are normal. Pour out onto a flat glass tray to desired thickness and let set in refrigerator for 1 hour(?).
  • Update the Visual Examination Chapter of the PCC to discuss UV, IR, etc. photography. See Discussion page for notes about collaborating with PMG folks...
  • improve washing page
  • improved Islamic/Persian binding resources

Bibliography from Gels presentation at AIC Annual 2016 (Hughes and Sullivan or was it Leroux?)

Bogaard, John; Whitmore, Paul M. 2001. "Effects of Dilute Calcium Washing Treatments on Paper". Journal of the American Institute for Conservation. 40:2. BCIN.
Scallan, A.M. 1990. "The pH Inside the Fibre Wall". In: Cellulose Sources and Exploitation. (J.F. Kennedy, G.O. Philips, P.A. Williams eds.). New York: John Wiley and Sons. 211-215.
Tse, Season. 2001. "Effect of water washing on paper and cellulosic textiles: an overview and update of CCI research". The Book and Paper Group Annual 20.

History of Conservation Labs

Use this to add to this (LC Conservation Lab History): Harris, Kenneth E. and Susan E. Schur. October 2006. "A Brief History of Preservation and Conservation at the Library of Congress." Available on the Library of Congress, Preservation Directorate website. Accessed June 23, 2017.

Also this: for Harvard


e-Preservation Science

2004 - present. Peer-reviewed, free online


peer-reviewed, online, moving paywall. CoOL and Taylor & Francis online


peer-reviewed, online, moving paywall. CoOL and Taylor & Francis online

Journal of Paper Conservation IADA

peer-reviewed, Taylor and Francis on line; free if IADA member


peer-reviewed, licensed access at degruyter. Abstracts avail at

Studies in Conservation


Guild of Book Workers Journal

1962 - present. Online 1962-2011.

Book and Paper Group Annual (BPG Annual)

1982 - present. Most recent year available in print (B/W). Digital copy (in color) to BPG Members for a year though MemberFuse, then free online. Not peer reviewed. Also referred to as the Postprints of the AIC Annual Meeting.

The New Bookbinder

1981-present. Print only. Index online.


Publications from Triennial Conferences: Copenhagen 2017, Melbourne 2014, Lisbon 2011 available online.


Separate Paper Bookbinding into 2 chapters: Decorative Paper (used in Book Binding and Book Conservation) and Paper Case Binding. Under the first, put these resources*

  • Marbled Paper
  • Paste Paper (see UW website for descriptive vocabulary and examples)
  • Printed Paper


Hall, Lili. 2011. "Paste Paper Tutorial". in Lili's Bookbinding Blog.
Hébert, Henry. 2010. "Paste Papers". Entry on Work of the Hand blog. Accessed March 22, 2018.
Loring, Rosamond. 1942. Decorated book papers: being an account of their designs and fashions. Cambridge, Department of printing and graphic arts, Harvard College Library
The 1942 edition includes samples of various marbled, paste, and other decorative papers.
Kromp, Daniela. [2018]. Buntpapier: Decorated and Decorative Papers from the 17th to the 21st century. [Catalogue #3] Part 1: The 17th and 18th century.
Sales catalog from Rare & Unique Books in Munich, Germany showing historical decorated papers including printed decorative paper, paste paper, marbled paper, brocade paper, and embossed paper. Contains many color illustrations. In German, with short English descriptions at the bottom of each text. Great visual resource for paper decoration.
Maurer-Mathison, Diane. 2002. Art of making paste papers. New York : Watson-Guptill Publications.
Instructions and inspiration for making a wide variety of paste paper designs.
The National Library of the Netherlands (Koninklijke Bibliotheek). "Decorated paper". Accessed March 22, 2018.
Good visual resource for marbled, paste, and other decorative papers.
University of Washington. "Decorated and Decorative Paper Collection"


  • Continue to build the Mold Recovery and Response (latest draft on the talk page)


Carlson, Lage. 1997. "An Interim Treatment for Paper Degraded by Verdigris." The Book and Paper Group Annual 16.

Maitland, Crystal. 2009. "Where Archival and Fine Art Conservation Meet: Applying Iron Gall Ink Antioxidant and Deacidification Treatments to Corrosive Copper Watercolors .The Book and Paper Group Annual 28.

multiple authors. 2012. "Treatment Considerations for the Haggadah Prayer Book: Evaluation of Two Antioxidants for Treatment of Copper-Containing Inks and Colorants .The Book and Paper Group Annual 31.

Iron-Gall Ink

This would be an excellent call for content, either as part of Media Problems (PCC), or as a stand alone page. Start with the citations below, add annotations. Perhaps we should also have a parallel page on copper corrosion (verdigris).

Reissland, Birgit and Frank Ligterink. 2011. The Iron Gall Ink Website.

Albro, Sylvia, Julie l. Biggs, Claire Dekle, Mary Elizabeth Haude, Cyntia Karnes, and Yasmeen Khan. 2008. "Developing Guidelines for Iron-Gall Ink Treatment at the Library of Congress .The Book and Paper Group Annual 27.

Presents guidelines for treating paper documents with iron-gall ink. The guidelines consist of:
  • Examination form designed specifically for iron-gall ink on paper to supplement the primary record of treatment
  • Glossary that standardizes the terminology used in the examination form
  • Recommendations for micro-chemical and solubility testing
  • Flow charts, or “treatment trees”, to guide the decision-making process based on results obtained through examination and testing
  • Explanatory notes on the treatment options presented.

Connelly-Ryan, Cindy, et al. 2007. "Optimizing ink corrosion treatment protocols at the Library of Congress. In Edinburgh Conference Papers 2006, ed. Shulla Jaques. London: Institute of Conservation, 195-202.

Dekle, Claire and Mary Elizabeth Haude. 2008. "Iron-gall Ink Treatment at the Library of Congress: Old Manuscripts—New Tools .The Book and Paper Group Annual 27.

Practical application of the Albro et al. paper above.

Hofmann, Christa, Dubravka Jembrih-Simbürger, Manfred Schreiner, Rudolf Eichinger, Leopold Puchinger, Oliver Hahn, Ute Henniges, Antje Potthast, and Erna Pilch-Karrer. 2007. "To Treat or Not to Treat—That is the Question: Options for the Conservation of Iron-Gall Ink on Paper .The Book and Paper Group Annual 26.

Neevel, Johan G. 2009. "Application issues of the bathophenanthroline test for iron(II) ions." Restaurator.

This article (sent out in a June BPG listserve announcement) recommends the use this iron(II) indicator paper as a testing method. (after a quick read, it is not clear to me if the author is advocating for a required post-testing treatment at the testing spot, or the follow up test of the indicator paper, using a reducing agent...-K)

Titus, Sonja , Regina Schneller, Enke Huhsmann, Ulrike Hähner and Gerhard Banik. 2009. "Stabilising local areas of loss in iron gall ink copy documents from the Savigny estate." Restaurator.

This article (sent out in a June BPG listserve announcement) discusses the treatment of letterpress copy books with iron gall ink using Berlin tissue pre-coated with gelatin, activated with limited moisture on a suction table. Gelatin was chosen over Klucel because of its stabilizing influence on iron gall ink.

Tse, Season, Doug Goltz, Sherry Guild, Valeria Orlandini, Maria Trojan-Bedynski, Mary Richardson. 2009. "Effect of Aqueous Treatments on Nineteenth-Century Iron-Gall-Ink Documents: Assessment Using Hyperspectral Imaging .The Book and Paper Group Annual 28.

Orlandini, Valeria. 2009. "Effect of Aqueous Treatments on Nineteenth-Century Iron-Gall-Ink Documents: Calcium Phytate Treatment--Optimization of Existing Protocols .The Book and Paper Group Annual 28.

Some other thoughts: search terms should include "iron gall ink" and "iron-gall ink". The hyphen is preferred.

Leather Tanning Methods

Dolph, Brittany, Geneva Griswold, and Madeleine Neiman. 2013. "Mending Moccasins: Tear Repair of Brain-tanned Hide Objects." Poster presented at the 2013 ANAGPIC conference.

No information about identification, but some interesting discussion of mending concerns./techniques/adhesives for moccasins.

Bruno P. Pouliot, Dr. Jennifer Mass, Lara Kaplan. 2015. “Using XRF for the Identification of Chrome Tanning in Leather.” Poster presented at American Institute for Conservation 43rd Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida.

“XRF can rapidly, effectively, and nondestructively identify chrome tanned leathers.” They tested a variety of brain tanned leather, but it does not seem that XRF was a useful distinguishing technique.

Cellulose Acetate Delamination

brief mention in Hinge, Tape and Adhesive Removal : "A technique that is especially good for cellulose acetate delamination, but may also be effective for large quantities of transparent tape adhesive residues is 4 to 7 “baths” in acetone with a final “bath” in ethanol to “rinse” before aqueous treatment. (SD)

Also in lamination in BPG Glossary of Terms

Page, Susan. 2003. "Cellulose Acetate Lamination at the National Archives, Part 1: The Louisiana Purchase Documents, a Case Study". Book and Paper Group Annual 22. Accessed June 7, 2016.

Describes a treatment of early 19th century documents at the National Archives. Delamination was achieved with in a series of 3:1 acetone:water baths. Water was a necessary addition because of the degradation of the cellulose acetate.

Ormsby, Mark. 2003. Cellulose Acetate Lamination at the National Archives Part 2: Analysis of Laminated Documents Using Solid-Phase Microextraction". Book and Paper Group Annual 22. Accessed June 7, 2016.

McGath, Molly, Sonja Jordan Mowery, John Baty, and Mark Pollei. "Cellulose Acetate Lamination: Method and Madness". Gordon Research Conference: Scientific Methods in Cultural Heritage Research, Newry, Maine, July 27 – August 1, 2014.

Cellulose Acetate Lamination: A Literature Review and Survey of Paper-Based Collections in the United States, Restaurator, 36(4), 333-365, 2015

Library of Congress Preservation Directorate. "Treatment Evaluations: Cellulose Acetate Laminates".

Various authors. n.d. "Guidelines for the Care of Works on Paper With Cellulose Acetate Lamination". Artwork Preservation Project Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.

Look at these: Stiber, L. 1988. The delamination of the Washington and Lee ledger: part I: An overview of cellulose acetate lamination. In Occasional papers #6, Early advances in conservation ed. Vincent Daniels. 27–40.

McGath, M.; Jordan-Mowery, S.; Pollei, M.; Heslip, S.; Baty, J.: Cellulose Acetate Lamination: A Literature Review and Survey of Paper-Based Collections in the United States, Restaurator, 36(4), 333-365, 2015

Atlases and Foldouts

Kyle, Hedi. 2017. “The Fold: Evolution, Function, and Inspiration.” In Suave Mechanicals, Vol. 3. Legacy Press.

Investigation of the possibilities of folded structures in book bindings. Particular attention is focused on artist's books and accordion folds, but interesting digressions into East Asian bindings and a little bit of folded structures in atlases.

Gilligan, Eliza. 2016." At the Bench: Notes from a University Library Conservator blog.

Covering in Full Leather

Anderson, Priscilla. 2005. "Covering in Leather: Mark Esser". The Guild of Book Workers Journal 40 (1). 27-39. Accessed September 7, 2016.

Recap of a presentation given by Mark Esser at GBW Standards Seminar in Denver in 2003. Many useful tips on full leather binding. Illustrations by Sylvia Ramos Alotta.

Historical Treatments

Potassium Permangenate" as a bleach

Cellulose Acetate Lamination

Krueger, Holly. 2003. "Magnesium Revisited" Book and Paper Group Annual 22.
In addition to.... this article reviews the history of lamination at the Library of Congress from the 1940s to the 1960s and the reasons for its abandonment.
McGath, Molly. 2017. "Cellulose acetate lamination: history." Newsletter (Western Association for Art Conservation) 39, no. 1 (2017 Jan), pp. 16-20 [English]. 2 tables, bibliog.
[not yet read, abstract noted on AATA]

Various Alkalinization Treatments

Alkalization and Neutralization (funny quote and possible citation: Kenneth E. Harris; Chandru J. Shahani (2004), Mass Deacidification: An Initiative To Refine The Diethyl Zinc Process (PDF), Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-05-14)
Krueger, Holly. 2003. "Magnesium Revisited" Book and Paper Group Annual 22.
Describes the evolution of treatment practice at the Library of Congress towards the current prevalence of diluted magnesium bicarbonate in an aqueous or ethanol-modified bath. The history of the earlier ""Barrow Two-Step” (concentrated calcium hydroxide, followed by concentrated calcium bicarbonate) and the “Barrow One-Step,” (saturated magnesium bicarbonate) processes with their associated high pH are described as having negative effects on some media, including causing IGI to redden, fade, and/or sink. The history of silking and lamination at the Library of Congress is also reviewed.
That chapter of Paper and Water on deacidification

Use of PVA in enclosed containers

leads to offgassing, ask Olivia Primanis for her example.

Move away from toxic solvents/material

thymol, formaldahyde, MEK, Triton X. Sustainable Solvent Use

Folk Repair

Julia Miller, in Books Will Speak Plain, describes these as "Repairs to historical bindings that appear not to have been executed by a professional binder. Such repairs are often neatly done with sympathetic materials similar to the original binding, but can also be very crude."

Soluble Nylon

Wiki chapter on Consolidation/Fixing/Facing
Sease, C. “The Case against using soluble nylon in conservation work.” in Studies in Conservation 26, AIC 1981.


Hatchfield, Pamela. “Formaldehyde: How Great is the Danger to Museum Collections. Part 2.” Art Conservation Training Programs Conference. University of Delaware, Newark, DE 1985.

Potassium Lactate

Middleton discusses how he no longer recommends the use of potassium lactate as a treatment to protect new leather against decay caused by atmospheric pollutants. (Middleton 2004)

Cellulose Acetate Lamination

This citation explains the historical use of cellulose acetate lamination, and its discontinuance in the early 1980s.

Bleaching with oxidizing agents like potassium permanganate and Chloramine-T (Kruth 1988).

Silking good summary of silking and lamination:

Krueger, Holly. 2003. "Magnesium Revisited" Book and Paper Group Annual 22.
In addition to.... this article reviews the history of silking at the Library of Congress from 1900-1940 and the reasons for its abandonment.

Humidification of Iron Gall Ink

This citation explains the concerns with humidification of iron gall ink leading the migration of the soluble iron ions, leading to deterioration of the paper substrate.

Thymol(Kruth 1988), formaldehyde, ethylene oxide as a fumigant for mold

Pressure Sensitive Tape for paper repair

Pressure sensitive tape, first developed in ---, is no longer recommended for mending historically important paper documents because of its tendency to yellow with age, the adhesive to migrate over time, stain the paper, weaken and fail, or chemically change so that it is no longer reversible. Even "acid-free or "archival" pressure sensitive tapes share these problems and should not be used.

Perhaps: cellulose acetate or paraffin as a fixative for media.

Bread used as a surface cleaner for paper (residue), Scum-X,

Treatments that were common restoration methods, but have generally fallen out of favor in conservation work because they can conceal or destroy the historical integrity of the object:

filling losses with near-perfect facsimiles without discrete identification and/or full documentation of the repair
piecing together multiple partial objects into a single complete composite.
Trimming documents or book edges to neaten up stained or uneven edges.

There is of course, a large category of materials that have been used historically for conservation treatment that are no longer used because testing or natural aging has revealed that they do not retain the properties for which they were selected. Many materials lose strength or flexibility, change color or yellow, become less reversible, or stain. Sometimes materials are unsuitable only in specific combinations (e.g. silver tarnishes in proximity to...)


Kruth, Leslie M. 1988. "A Survey of Recent Scientific Research which has Caused a Re-evaluation of Commonly Used Practices in Book and Paper Conservation". Book and Paper Group Annual 7.
Middleton, Bernard. 2004. The Restoration of Leather Bindings. Oak Knoll Press. 4th edition. p.58.

To be reviewed: (Soluble nylon)
(rebinding non-western binding into western format)

Overview texts: Nordstrand OK (1987) The conservation treatment of paper. Restaur 8:133-139

My Complaints about Ligatus

  • no useful way to talk about scrapbooks
  • endband terminology is confusing and doesn't talk about front or back bead
  • I and several key authors disagree with Ligatus about Kapitalbunde being endbands
  • Overcasting, but not oversewing
  • sewing-support-type secondary stitching should also talk about Julia Miller's observations about scaleboard bindings

Pages I think are dead and should be deleted or cleared

use this code when you delete things that might need links:


Look more at orphaned pages

get rid of section on Conservation Administration with dead links on Paper Conservation Catalog page

Old redirects to chase down:

This one is a bear:

What are these?

Books Section 3 - Book Structures - Chapter 6a. Decoration

Collapsible Content

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Book and Paper Group Wiki List of Chapters...
Book and Paper Group Wiki
Using the Wiki


Materials and Tips




Paper Conservation Catalog
Examination and Documentation text
Problems and Issues




Conservation Treatment


Book Conservation Wiki
Examination and Documentation text
Structural Elements of the Book


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Book and Paper Group Wiki
Using the Wiki

·Contributors Toolbox ·Reference and Bibliography Protocols ·Accessing Conservation Literature (AIC) ·Help Wanted ·Template for New BPG Chapter

Materials and Tips

·Annual Meeting Tips Sessions ·Materials, Equipment, and Tools ·Adhesive Recipes and Tips
·Gels, Thickeners, and Viscosity Modifiers (ECPN) ·Oddy Tests (R&A) ·Instrumental Analysis (Paintings) ·Technical Examination (Paintings) ·Microchemical Testing (R&A)


·Selection for Preservation ·Exhibition, Supports, Transport ·Imaging and Digitization ·Housings ·Encapsulation ·Integrated Pest Management (AIC) ·Environmental Guidelines (AIC) ·Environmental Monitoring (AIC) ·Agents of Deterioration (AIC) ·Light Levels (AIC) ·Pollutants and Contaminants (AIC) ·Emergency Preparedness & Response (AIC)

Conservation History and Ethics

·AIC Code of Ethics and Guidelines for Practice ·Culturally Sensitive Treatment ·Conservation Ethics (AIC) ·History of Conservation and Conservators (AIC)