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Textile Specialty Group
Textile Conservation Catalog
Welcome to the Textile Conservation Catalog. This catalog is not yet complete; it is actively being developed by members of the Textile Specialty Group
Links in red in the outline below indicate future sections of the catalog.
- 1 Chapter I.
- 2 Chapter II. Handling & Moving Textiles
- 3 Chapter III. Environmental Concerns for Textiles
- 4 Chapter IV. Documentation of Textiles
- 5 Chapter V. Analysis and Testing Methods for Textiles
- 6 Chapter VI. Treatment of Textiles
- 7 Chapter VII. Exhibition of Textiles
- 8 Chapter VIII. Storage of Textiles: Issues and Methods Textile Conservators Face when Planning for Textile Storage
- 9 Chapter IV. Emergency Preparedness, Response & Recovery for Textiles
Section A. Statement of Purpose
The Textile Conservation Catalog records current conservation treatments and practices for artistic and historic textiles. Each chapter compiles the variety of treatments and techniques currently used by textile conservators. The Catalog is a voluntary, cooperative project of the Textile Specialty Group of the AIC. Participating members have developed and commented extensively on the chapters.
The Catalog is in the form of an outline. There are no detailed instructions for treatment, and the Catalog does not seek to establish definitive methods or standards. Entries are qualified by including “factors to consider,” however the inclusion of a treatment in the Catalog is not an endorsement or approval of the procedures described. The Catalog is designed for trained textile conservators who are familiar with the vocabulary and processes included in the outlines. Chapters are intended to be a guide in the treatment decision-making process and allow conservators to explore treatment options. Each conservator remains responsible for the safety and appropriateness of any treatment.
Although the focus of the Catalog is conservation treatment, related subjects such as environment, storage, and exhibition are included, but only insofar as the describe issues met and actions taken by textile conservators.
Final Revision, April 2, 1998
Section B. User Guidelines & How to Contribute
- As a wiki, the Textile Conservation Catalog is an ongoing process rather than an end product. Consider getting involved and sharing your expertise in your favorite subject whether it's materials, techniques, philosophy or style. Here is how to Contribute to the Textile Wiki, including information on getting started. If you want to see who has contributed to a page on a specific topic click on the History tab on the top header bar.
- Individual conservators are solely responsible for determining the necessity, safety and adequacy of a treatment for a particular object and must understand the effect of their treatment. Inclusion in the catalog does not constitute an endorsement or approval of the procedure described. It is not designed to substitute for the consultation of a trained conservator. To find a conservator, please visit AIC's Find a Conservator page.
Chapter II. Handling & Moving Textiles
Chapter III. Environmental Concerns for Textiles
- Section A. Temperature & Relative Humidity (RH)
- Section B. Air Quality
- Section C. Light
- Section D. Biological Attack
Chapter IV. Documentation of Textiles
Chapter V. Analysis and Testing Methods for Textiles
- Section A. Determining pH
- Section B. Spot Tests for Colorfastness
- Section C. Fiber Identification
- Section D. Dye Identification
- Section E. Stain Analysis
- Section F. Adhesive Analysis
- Section G. Measuring Color Change
- Section H. Identification and Characterization of Materials Associated with Textiles
Chapter VI. Treatment of Textiles
- Section A. Humidification
- Section B. Removal of Previous Repairs/Restorations/Supports
- Section C. Mechanical Cleaning
- Section D. Aqueous Cleaning
- Section E. Non-aqueous Solvent Cleaning
- Section F. Stain Removal or Reduction
- Section G. Drying of Wet-cleaned Textiles
- Section H. Stabilization by Non-Adhesive Methods
- Section I. Consolidation/Stabilization - Adhesive Methods
- Section J. Compensation for Loss
- Section K. Supports and Mounts
Chapter VII. Exhibition of Textiles
Chapter VIII. Storage of Textiles: Issues and Methods Textile Conservators Face when Planning for Textile Storage
- Section A. Institutional Concerns for Textile Storage Areas
- Section B. Storage Furniture
- Section C. Storage Materials
- Section D. Storage Methods