Talk:BPG Endbands

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A great addition to this page would be illustrations of various commonly encountered types of endband--Kkelly (talk) 10:08, 15 June 2015 (CDT)

In the Ligatus terminology, I do not understand the termsĀ : "saddle sewing" and "whipped-cord secondary sewing". If anyone had illustrations that help convey these concepts, that would be much appreciated. Is it also the case that Ligatus does not cover front and back beads?--Kkelly (talk) 15:58, 12 October 2017 (CDT)

I have heard that the steps offered by Greenfield and Hille (1990) are incorrect for the Renaissance chevron and Armenian headband. If this is true, what is a better source? Have the instructions been corrected in the 3rd edition (2017)?--Kkelly (talk) 16:28, 12 October 2017 (CDT)

A more detailed description of Szirmai's system would be helpful.--Kkelly (talk) 16:28, 12 October 2017 (CDT)

Greenfield's instructions of a "headband with a bead on the spine" are very different than other descriptions of conservation back bead endbands. I found this to have fairly clear instructions:--Kkelly (talk) 13:10, 20 December 2017 (CST)

Lindsay, Jen. 1991. "A Limp Vellum Binding Sewn on Alum-tawed Thongs". New Bookbinder 11.

Describes a back bead conservation endband which differs from Greenfield's "headband with a bead on the spine". In Lindsay's description, the tail of the endband thread is caught up with the core and does not form part of the windings or beads. In Greenfield, there are two active ends of the thread which together form the windings and beads. The difference appears to be that Greenfield's version results in two beads per tie-down and Lindsay's results in one bead per tie down.

Islamic Endband

Part 1 Video tutorial for making an Islamic endband, showing the weaving of the chevron pattern. Created by Sherif Afifi, Oct 5, 2017. Part 2 Video tutorial for making an Islamic endband, showing how to create the chevron pattern on a book. Created by Sherif Afifi, Nov 4, 2017.

Marzo, Flavio and Rolf Killius. 2014. "Making an Islamic Style End Band." Produced for the Qatar Digital Library.

Original BCC content

The following is draft content from the Book Conservation Catalog, from approximately 2003. It may be useful in the development of this page. ENDBANDS The following categories are found in this section:

MATERIALS used to support the endband and thread used to sew the endband
TECHNIQUE/PROCESS will describe the major structural types
STYLE will identify technique by name


animal skin
tanned leather
parchment and vellum
cane (wood)
cat gut
paper rolled
paper board




sewn on
stuck on


chevron end bands
French double headband
German braided headband
hand sewn
headband with a bead at the edge
headband with bead at the spine
headband w/ a bead at the spine and edge
laced into cover
primary endband
plaited endbands
stuck on