Name of Individual José Orraca.
- Other names known by: José Hipolito Orraca y Perez
- Date and place of birth: 1938, Cayay, Puerto Rico
- Date and place of death: September 14, 2009, Connecticut
- Nationalities:North American
- Relatives of note:
Education[edit | edit source]
- Studied theater, speech, law and religion at Midwestern State University and Baylor University
- 1996 - Master of Arts in Public Policy, with an emphasis on the conservation of cultural property. Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut
- Notable teachers/mentors:
- Notable students:
- Mary Kay Porter (his first student in Cooperstown)
- Christine Young King
- Gary Albright
- Debra Hess Norris
- Paul Messier (intern)
- Gawain Weaver (intern)
- Professional association involvement:
- 1978 - Founder of the Photographic Materials Group (PMG) within AIC
- 1986 - Co-founder of the Conservators in Private Practice Group (CIPP) withing AIC
- 1988 - Co-founder of the Association for the Preservation of the Cultural Patrimony of the Americas (APOYO)
- 1988-1989 - President of the Louis Pomerantz Institute for the Advancement of the Conservation of Artistic and Historic works
- Special achievements, honors or awards:
- IIC Fellow
- 1972 - AIC Fellow
- 1991 - Founder of the newsletter OJO which "exemplified his approach to conservation as a melding of superior craft practice and a deep knowledge of materials with an understanding of art history and connoisseurship" 
- 1990's - Established the Kent Workshops for mid-career photograph conservators
- 2000 - AIC's Caroline and Sheldon Keck Award
- 2009 - AIC Honorary Membership
Curriculum vitae[edit | edit source]
"Jose Orraca was born in 1938 in Cayay Puerto Rico to a family of prestige and prominence. Jose's father owned swaths of agricultural property and, significantly, movie theaters. Though his love for Puerto Rico never waned, José was compelled to set his own course, leaving the island as a teenager. Jose studied theater, speech, law and religion at Midwestern State University and Baylor University, eventually entering the seminary there and emerging an ordained Baptist minister. Around this time, the Library of Congress had embarked on a course to professionalize its approach to conservation, in part, as a response to the catastrophic Florence flood of 1966. Integral to this effort, esteemed conservators,including Marilyn Kemp Weidner, were hired to reshape the Library's approach to the care of its diverse collections.
Answering a classified ad in 1968, Jose Orraca joined this campaign and was handed the task, among others, of remounting photographs. Interest piqued, Jose immersed himself in historical photographic processes and techniques. Still assigned to the Library, he was sent to the Rochester Institute of Technology in 1971 to conduct independent research into the preservation of photographs.
Concurrently, as part of her conservatorship of Alfred Stieglitz's photographic prints, Georgia O'Keeffe contacted Caroline and Sheldon Keck seeking preservation guidance. The Kecks, in turn, recommended Jose. From 1971 to 1973, O'Keeffe funded Jose's studies through a personal grant. This work culminated in a comprehensive conservation survey of Stieglitz prints within numerous institutional collections.
Breakthroughs in the nascent field of photograph conservation continued in this period. Jose was appointed the first professional conservator of photographs by the George Eastman House in 1972. What emerged as a deep, lifelong, commitment to conservation education began with a temporary position at the Cooperstown conservation program held from 1975 to 1976. From Cooperstown, Jose became an associate professor at the Winterthur/University of Delaware Program in Art Conservation where he designed and implemented the first graduate-level curriculum in photograph conservation.
Partially in response to the growing fine art photography market,Jose moved to New York City where he established a private practice in photograph conservation in 1981, likely the first of its kind anywhere in the world."
José called himself a Conservator of Photographs and Works of Art on Paper. He particularly loved bench conservation and treatment.
"[José] Orraca was a Fellow of the American Institute for Conservation (AIC) and the International Institute for Conservation (IIC). He served on several AIC committees. He was awarded the AIC’s Caroline and Sheldon Keck Award in 2000 and honorary membership in the organization in 2009. He was president of the Louis Pomerantz Institute for the Advancement of the Conservation of Artistic and Historic works from 1988-1989. He was a co-founder of Apoyo, the Association for the Preservation of the Cultural Patrimony of the Americas. He was editor of the newsletter Ojo from 1991-1993. Jose Orraca died on September 14, 2009." (From The Winterthur Library entry)
In 2019. APOYO created the José Orraca Memorial Fund to support photograph conservation in Latin America.
- Obituary, Conservation Online
- Video interview by Alejandra Mendoza, part I
- Video interview by Alejandra Mendoza, part II
- Orraca, Jose. 1973. The conservation of photographic materials. Bulletin of the American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works 13(2): 32-38.
- Orraca, José. 1993. Glossary of terms used in the conservation of photographs. Ojo: Connoisseurship & Conservation of Photographs (4): 1, 3-7.
- Orraca, José.  2010. Developing treatment criteria in the conservation of photographs (1991). In Issues in the Conservation of Photographs, ed. Debra Hess Norris, and Jennifer Jae Gutierrez, 586-90. Readings in Conservation. Los Angeles: Getty
- Conservation Institute Previously published in Topics in Photographic Preservation 4 (1991): 151-55 and Ojo: Connoisseurship & Conservation of Photographs no. 1 (1991):1, 3-7.
- Orraca, José ed. 1992. Disaster: Preparedness and Response, Special issue, Ojo: Connoisseurship & Conservation of Photographs (Summer July).
- Conference presentations:
- FAIC Oral History entry:
- Location of papers or archives:
- The Winterthur Library
References[edit | edit source]
- Gary E. Albright. José Orraca and the Chemical Treatment of Photographs. Topics in Photographic Preservation 2011, Volume 14, Article 12 (pp. 70-81).
- 1971 Letter from Jose to Laura Gilpin requesting to fill questionnaire regarding her work.
- APOYO José Orraca Memorial Fund