Papyrus

From Wiki

Book and Paper Group Wiki > Book Conservation Wiki / Paper Conservation Catalog > Papyrus

This page consists of only a bibliography at this time.

Wiki Contributors: Marieka Kaye, Theresa Smith, Alexander Bero. your name could be here

Copyright 2019. The Book and Paper Group Wiki is a publication of the Book and Paper Group of the American Institute for Conservation. It is published as a convenience for the members of the Book and Paper Group. Publication does not endorse nor recommend any treatments, methods, or techniques described herein. There is an ongoing project to update the BPG Wiki. We welcome contributions and feedback. If you would like to get involved in this effort, please contact the wiki team at [email protected].

History and Production


Material and Structure


Conservation


Imaging and Text Enhancement


Bibliography


Please follow the BPG Reference and Bibliography Protocols.

Here are templates for book and article citations.

Lastname, Firstname. Year. Book Title in Italics. Location: Publisher.
Lastname, Firstname. Year. "Article Title in Quotations." Journal Title in Italics (volume). page number range.
If you link to an online version, embed the link in the article title, include a DOI if available, and the date you accessed the online version. Omit the page number range.

History and Production

Abercrombie, J. R. 1978. "Egyptian Papyri." Expedition. 32-37.

Abbott, N. 1938. The Kurrah Papyri from Aphrodito in the Oriental Institute. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. 26-27.

Alexander, S. 1965. “Notes on the Use of Gold in Egyptian Papyri.” The Journal of Egyptian Archeology 51: 48-52.

Anderson, G. A. 1988. “The Emergence of the Book.” College and Research Libraries. 111-116.

Banik, G., Krist, G. 1984. Lösungsmittel in der Restaurierung. Wien.

Barber, E. J.W. 1991. Prehistoric Textiles. The Development of Cloth in the Neolithic and Bronze Age with Special Reference to the Aegean. New Jersey.

Basile, C. 1972. “A method of making papyrus and fixing and preserving it by means of a chemical treatment." Conservation of paintings and the graphic arts. Preprints of contributions to the Lisbon Congress. London: International Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works. 901-05.

Bauer, J. B. 1983. “Wiener Liturgische Papyri.” Papyrus Erzherzog Rainer (P. Rainer Cent.). Festschrift zum 100-jährigen Bestehen der Papyrussammlung der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek. Hrsg. von der Generaldirektion der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek. Wien: 280-288.

Bell, L. A. 1993. Papyrus, Tapa Amate and Rice Paper: Paper Making in Africa and S.E. Asia. McMinnville, Oregon: Liliaceae Press.

Bierbrier, M. L. 1986. “Papyrus : Structure and Usage.” Occasional Paper 60. London: British Museum.

Bischoff, B. 2009. Paläographie des römischen Altertums und des abendländischen Mittelalters. Berlin.

Blanck, H. 1992. Das Buch in der Antike. München.

Boak, A. E. R. 1959. “From Egypt to Ann Arbor: The Building of the U. of M. Papyrus Collection.” 'The Michigan Alumnus Quarterly Review 66 (10): 35-41.

Bogensperger, I. 2015. ”Copy & Paste: Fälschungen von Spätantiken Textilien (Copy & Paste: Forgeries of Textiles From Late Antiquity).” Rezeption, Zeitgeist, Fälschung--Umgang mit Antike(n): Akten des Internationalen Kolloquiums am 31. Januar und 1. Februar 2014 in Tübingen (Reception, Zeitgeist, Falsification--Dealing with Antique(s): Files of the International Colloquium on 31 January and 1 February 2014 in Tübingen). London: Institute of Conservation Paintings Group. Eds. Barros D’Sa, A., L. Bone, R. Clarricoates, H. Dowding, et. al. 167-177.

Maximilian Bonnet, M. 1959. Acta Apostolorum Apocrypha. Darmstadt.

Brock S. P. 1967. "Testamentum Iobi“. Pseudepigrapha Veteris Testamenti Graece 2. Leiden.

Bröker G. 1982. Koptische Stoffe. Leipzig.

Brooke, G. J. 2006. “The Historical Documents at the John Rylands University Library: The Reed Dead Sea Scrolls Collection.” E-Preservation Science 3: 35-40.

Wolfgang Brückner W. 2009. "Knoten“. Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche 6. Hrsg. von Walter Kasper et al. Freiburg et al. 160.

Buschle-Diller, G. , Unger A. 1996. "Schreib- und Malmittel auf Papyrus. Naturwissenschaftliche Untersuchung zur Farbpalette altägyptischer Papyri in Berlin“. Restauro 2. 108-114.

Caldararo, Niccolo. 2003. "Papyrus." Conservation DistList.

Caminos, Ricardo A. 1986. "Some comments on the reuse of papyrus." Papyrus: Structure and usage. ed. M. L. Bierbrier. London: British Museum. 43-61.

Camac, C.N.B. 1931. “The Papyrus Industry of the Ancients.” Proceedings from the Charaka Club 7: 72-80.

Catich, E. M. 1968. The Origin of the Serif: Brush Writing and Roman Letters. Davenport, Iowa: The Catfish Press, St. Ambrose College.

Cerneý, J. 1952. Paper and Books in Ancient Egypt: An Inaugural Lecture Delivered at University College, London, 29 May 1947. London: Lewis & Co. Ltd.

Clarke, M. 2014. “Dioscorides as an Art Technological Source.” Making and Transforming Art: Technology and Interpretation; Held at the Royal Institute of Cultural Heritage (KIK-IRPA), Brussels, 22-23 November 2012. Eds. H. Dubois, et. al. London: Archetype Publications, Ltd.: 1-9.

Clere, J.J. 1967-1968. “The Collection of ‘Book of the Dead’ Papyri in The Brooklyn Museum.” The Brooklyn Museum Annual 9: 88-93.

Cockle, W.E.H. 1983. “Restoring and Conserving Papyri”. Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies 30.

Cramer, M. 1964. Koptische Paläographie. Wiesbaden.

Cramer, M. 1959. Das christlich-koptische Ägypten einst und heute. Eine Orientierung. Wiesbaden.

Darbre, F. 2008. “The Papyrus Codex Tchacos. Its Authentication, Conservation, and Future” Papier Restaurierung 9.4: 19-25.

Dassmann, E. 1994. "Christusnachfolge durch Weltflucht. Asketische Motive im frühchristlichen Mönchtum Ägyptens“. Die koptische Kirche. Einführung in das ägyptische Christentum. Hrsg. von Albert Gerhards, Heinzgerd Brokmann. Stuttgart et al. 28-45.

Davy, Sir H. 1821. “Some Observations and Experiments on Papyri Found in the Ruins of Herculaneum.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 111. London: Royal Society: 191-208.

Delange, E., Grange, M., Kusko, B., Menei, E. 1990. “Apparition de l´encre métallogallique en Égypte à partir de la collection de papyrus du Louvre” Revue d´Égyptologie 41: 213-217.

Denker, A., Hahn, O., Kanngießer, B., Malzer, W., Merchel, S., Radtke, M., Röhrs, S., Reiche, I., Stege, H. 2003. "Chemie in der Kunst. Zerstörungsfreie Analyse von Kunst- und Kulturgütern.“ Materialprüfung. Werkstoffe und Bauteile, Technologien und Anwendungen 45. 485-503.

Departament d’Afers, Relacions Institucionals, Exteriors, Transparència. 2016. Pharaoh’s Reeds: A Papyrus Journey Up the Nile (exhibition catalog). Barcelona: IEMed (European Institute of the Mediterranean).

Devauchelle, R. 1957. “Papyrus.” Le Papetier de France: revue professionnelle des papetiers-détaillants et papetiers-libraires 11 (10): 33-34.

Diringer, D. 1982. “Papyrus Books.” Books Before Printing: Ancient, Medieval, Oriental. New York: Dover. 113-169.

Dimarogonas, A. D. 1995. “Pliny the Elder on the Making of Papyrus Paper.” The Classical Quarterly 45 (2): 588-590.

Döpp, S., Geerlings, W. (Hrsg.) 1998. Lexikon der antiken christlichen Literatur. Freiburg et al.

Donnithorne, A. 1986. “The conservation of papyrus in the British Museum” Papyrus. Structure and Usage. Hrsg. von Morris Leonard Bierbier. London: 1-24.

du Bourguet, P. 1967. Die Kopten. Baden-Baden.

Ebers, G. 1893. “The Papyrus Plant.” The Cosmopolitan 15: 677-682.

European Institute of the Mediterranean (IEMed). 2016. Pharoah’s Reeds: A Papyrus Journey Up the Nile (Exhibition Catalog). Barcelona: IEMed in collaboration with Abadia de Montserrat and International Association of Papyrolgists.

Gaudet, J. 2018. The Pharoah’s Treasure: The Origin of Paper and the Rise of Western Civilization. New York: Pegasus Books.

Gaudet, J. 2014. Papyrus: The Plant that Changed the World: From Ancient Egypt to Today’s Water Wars. New York: Pegasus Books.

Grenfell, P. B. 1897. Oxyrhynchus and its Papyri. London.

Hendriks, I. H. M. 1980. “Historia Naturalis XIII, 74-82 and the Manufacture of Papyrus.” Zeitschrift Für Papyrologie Und Epigraphik 37: 121-136.

Hendricks, I. H. M. 1984. “More About the Manufacture of Papyrus.” Atti del XVII Congresso Internazionale per lo Paperologia 1. Napoli: Centro Internazionale per lo Studio dei Papyri Ercolanesi. 31-37.

Hepper, N. 1991. Of Ships and Shoes and Ancient Scribes. Kew, London: The Royal Botanic Gardens. 10-13.

Kenyon, F. 1951. Books and Readers in Ancient Greece and Rome, 2nd ed. Oxford: The Clarendon Press.

Kulneff-Eriksson, K. 2009. “The Papyrus Collection in Lund.” Care and Conservation of Manuscripts: Proceedings of the Eleventh International Seminar Held at the University of Copenhagen, 24th-25th April 2008. edited by M. J. Driscoll and R. Mósesdóttir: 91-103.

Krutzsch, M. 1999. "Ein Papyrusfund aus dem Alten Reich. Wie ist er gewickelt, wie kann man ihn entfalten? (Old Kingdom Papyrus Findings. How was it rolled up? How to unfold, unroll it?)." Restauro 105 (6): 460-463.

Leach, B., and R. B. Parkinson. 2010. "Creating Borders: New Insights into Making the Papyrus of Ani." British Museum Studies in Ancient Egypt and Sudan 15: 35-62.

Leach, B., and J. Tait. 2000. "Papyrus." Ancient Egyptian Materials and Technology. Eds. P. T. Nicholson and I. Shaw. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 227-53.

Leach, B. 2009. "Papyrus Manufacture." UCLA Encyclopedia of Egyptology. Ed. W. Wendrich. Los Angeles: 1 – 5.

Lewis, N.1974. Papyrus in Classical Antiquity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Lucas, A. and J. R. Harris. 1962. Ancient Egyptian Materials and Industries. London: E. Arnold: 362-364.

Lucas, A. 1922. “The Inks of Ancient and Modern Egypt.” The Analyst 47: 9-14.

Maney, A. S. (ed.), et. al. 1973. The Nature and Making of Papyrus. Leeds, UK: Elmete Press.

Nicholson, P. T. & I. Shaw. 2000. Ancient Egyptian Materials and Technology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Parkinson, R. & S. Quirke. 1995. Egyptian Bookshelf: Papyrus. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Pattie, T.S. and E.G. Turner. 1974. The Written Word on Papyrus. Exh. cat. British Museum, London: British Museum Publications Limited.

Payne, J. 1983. "Notes and News: Dr. Ragab Papyrus Institute." The Paper Conservation Newsletter.

Posner-Krieger, P. 1986. "Old Kingdom Papyri: External Features." Papyrus: Structure and Usage, Occasional Papers 60. Ed. by M.L. Bierbrier. British Museum: 25-41.

Roberts, C. H. and T. C. Skeat. 1983. The Birth of the Codex. London: Oxford University Press.

Robinson, J. M. 1975. “The Construction of the Nag Hammadi Codices.” Essays on the Nag Hammadi Codices in Honour of Pahor Lahib. Ed. by M. Krause. Leiden: E.J. Brill: 170-190.

Ryan, D. P. 1988. “Papyrus.” The Biblical Archaeologist 51 (3): 132-140.

Santifaller, L. 1953. “Beitrage zur Geschichte der Beschreibstoffe im Mittelalter.” Mitteilungen des Instituts fur Osterreichische Geschichtsforschung, Ergänzungsband 16 (1). Graz/Cologne: Böhlau.

Sider, D. 2005. The Library of the Villa dei Papiri at Herculaneum. Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum.

Stawick, S. 1987. “Papirusy Tebańskie: antyczne źródło wiedzy o technikach artystycznych. (The Theban papyri: an Ancient Source of Knowledge About Art Techniques).” Teksty źródłowe do dziejów teorii sztuki 26. Zaklad Narodowy im. Ossolińskich. Wrocław, Poland: Wydawnictwo Polskeij Akademii Nauk.

Sturman, S. 1987. “Investigations into the Manufacture and Identification of Papyrus.” Recent Advances in the Conservation and Analysis of Artifacts. 263-265.

Tadros, T. M. “Structure and Development of Cyperus Papyrus L.” Bulletin of the Faculty of Science, Fouad I. University, Vol. 20, 1940, pp. 3-28.

Thiede C.P. and d´Ancona, M.: Der Jesuspapyrus. Die Entdeckung einer Evangelien-Handschrift aus der Zeit der Augenzeugen. München 1996.

Turner, E. G. Greek Manuscripts of the Ancient World. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971.

Turner, E. G. Greek Papyri: An Introduction. 2nd ed., Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1968.

Verhoogt, A. Discarded, Discovered, Collected: The University of Michigan Papyrus. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 2017.

Wallert, A. “The Reconstruction of Papyrus Manufacture: A Preliminary Investigation.” Studies in Conservation, Vol. 34, No. 1, 1989, pp. 1-8.

Wallert, A. “Papyrus Nader Bekeken” (Examination of the Manufacture of Papyrus). Mededelingenblad (IIC Nederland), Vol. 8, No. 1, 1991, pp. 6-14.

Weber, M.: Additum. Une nouvelle version copte du Testament de Job. In: Le testament de Job. Hrsg. von Marc Eugène Philonenko. (Semitica 18). Paris 1968, S. 61-63.

Wessel, K.: Koptische Kunst. Die Spätantike in Ägypten. Recklinghausen 1963.

Wiedemann, H. G. and G. Bayer. “Papyrus - the Paper of Ancient Egypt.” Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 55, 1983, pp. 1220A-1230A.

Wiedemann, H. G. “Paper Technology from Egyptian, Chinese and Mayan Cultures.” National Bureau of Standards Special Publication 580. Proceedings of the Workshop on the State-of-the-Art of Thermal Analysis held at NBS, Gaithersburg, MD, May 21-22, 1979, issued May 1980.

Widmann, H.: Herstellung und Vertrieb des Buches in der griechisch-römischen Welt. In: Börsenblatt für den Deutschen Buchhandel. Frankfurter Ausgabe 2, 1967, S. 35-79.

Wouters, A. “From Papyrus Roll to Papyrus Codex. Some Technical Aspects of the Ancient Book Fabrication.” Manuscripts of the Middle East, Vol. 5, 1991, pp. 9-19.

Zaloscer, H.: Die Kunst im christlichen Ägypten. Wien, München 1974


Papyrology

Advanced Papyrological Information System (APIS UM). https://quod.lib.umich.edu/a/apis.

Barns, J.W.B. "The Placing of Papyrus Fragments." Proceedings of the IX International Congress of Papyrology, eds. L. Amundsen and V. Skanland. Boston, MA: Norwegian Universities Press, 1961, pp. 134-38.

Bagnall, R. S. The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Bagnall, R. S. Reading Papyri, Writing Ancient History. London: Routledge, 1995.

Barnes, J. W. B. Five Ramesseum Papyri. Oxford: The University Press, 1956.

Böhlig,A.: Proverbien-Kodex : [Faksimile des Codex Ms. or. oct. 987 der Deutschen Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin] = The book of proverbs (codex) / Nachw. [von Alexander Böhlig]

Delattre, Daniel and E. Brun. "Lire le contenu des rouleaux carbonisés d'Herculanum sans les ouvrir." Support Tracé, Vol. 15, 2015, pp. 9-16.

Caley, E. R. (Editor). The Leyden Papyrus X: An English Translation With Brief Notes. Journal of Chemical Education, Vol. 3, No. 10, 1926 Oct, pp. 1149-1166.

Claytor, G. and A. Verhoogt. Papyri from Karanis: The Granary C123. Michigan Papyri, Vol. XXI. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 2018.

Emmel, S. “The Nag Hammadi Codices Editing Project: A Final report.” American Research Center in Egypt, Inc. Newsletter l10, 1978, pp. 10-32.

Emmel, S. “Antiquity in Fragments: A Hundred Years of Collecting Papyri at Yale.” The Yale University Library Gazette, Vol 64, No 1/2 Oct. 1989, pp 38-58.

Essler, H. „Über die Würzburger Papyrussammlung“ In: Proceedings of the 24th International Congress of Papyrology Helsinki 1.8.-7.8.2004. Hrsg. Von Jaakko Frösén et al. Helsinki 2007, S. 291-298.

Fuchs, R. „Die Totenbuchfragmente der von Portheim-Stiftung Heidelberg. Restaurierung, naturwissenschaftliche Analysen und kultur-historische Bewertung der Maltechnik“ In: Totenbuch-Forschungen. Gesammelte Beiträge des 2. Internationalen Totenbuch-Symposiums 2005. Hrsg. von Burkhard Backes et al. Wiesbaden 2006, S. 35-50.

Harrauer, H. "Wiener Papyrussammlung (The Vienna Papyrus Collection).” Textilforum, Vol. 4, 1985, Dec, pp. 38-39.

Janis, K. "Ein Interessenkonflikt zwischen Papyrologe und Restaurator. (A Conflict of Interests Between Papyrologist and Conservator).” Zeitschrift für Kunsttechnologie und Konservierung, Vol. 13, No. 1, 1999, pp. 19-39.

Janis, K. "Die Bearbeitung eines ptolemäischen Mumienpektorales im Interessenkonflikt zwischen Papyrologie und Restaurator. (The Treatment of a Ptolemaic Mummy Trapping: A Conflict of Interest Between Papyrology and Conservation).” Göttinger Miszellen: Beiträge zur ägyptologischen Diskussion, Vol. 161, 1997, pp. 87-95.

Kenyon, F. The Paleography of Greek Papyri. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1898.

Krutzsch, M. "Ein Papyrusfund aus dem Alten Reich. Wie ist er gewickelt, wie kann man ihn entfalten? (Old Kingdom Papyrus Findings. How Was it Rolled Up? How to Unfold, Unroll It?).” Restauro, Vol. 105, No. 6, 1999, pp. 460-463.

Lehtinen, M. “Petra Papyri.” Near Eastern Archaeology, Vol. 65 No.4, 2002, pp. 277 - 278.

Lewis, N. “Papyrus and Ancient Writing: The First Hundred Years of Papyrology.” Archaeology, Vol. 36, No. 4, 1983 Jul-Aug, pp. 31-37.

Lewis, N.: Open letter to I. H. M. Hendriks and E. G. Turner. Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 42:293-94.

Luijendijk, A. “Sacred Scriptures as Trash: Biblical Papyri from Oxyrhynchus.” Vigiliae Christianae, Vol. 64, No. 3 2010 pp. 217 - 254.

Lukaszwewicz, A.: Diviso Acu, Was a needle used in PapyrusManufacturing?,The Journal of Juristic Papyrology,Vol.XXVII,p.61-65,1997

Mazal, O.: Bedeutung und Aufgaben der Handschriftenkunde. In: Handschrift. Hrsg. von Wilhelm Hemecker. Wien 1999, S. 23-34.

Morenz, S.: Das Koptische. In: Ägyptische Schrift und Sprache. Hrsg. von Hermann Kees. Leiden 1959, S. 90-104.

Papyri.info: http://papyri.info/browse/apis/.

Pestman, P. W. The New Papyrological Primer. London: Brill Academic Publishers, 1994.

Porten, B. “Aramaic Letters: A Study in Papyrological Reconstruction.” Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt, Vol. 17, pp. 39-75.

Ragab, Hassan. Le Payrus, Ragab Papyrus Institute, 1980. Detailed study of the biology of the plant species, historic manufacture, geographic distribution, and usage, by the distinguished Egyptian papyrus specialist. [in French]

Roberts, C. H. and Skeat, T. H.: The birth of the codex. Oxford 21985.

Robinson, J. M. “The Future of Papyrus Codicology.” In The Future of Coptic Studies, Coptic Studies Volume I, Ed. by M. Krause. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1978, pp. 23-70.

Robinson, S. E.: The Testament of Adam. An Examination of the Syriac and Greek Traditions. (Society of Biblical Literature 52). Chico 1982.

Rupprecht, H.: Kleine Einführung in die Papyruskunde. Darmstadt 1994. Sosin, J. D. and R. S. Bagnall, J. Cowey, M. Depauw, T. G. Wilfong, and K. A. Worp (editors). Checklist of Editions of Greek, Latin, Demotic, and Coptic Papyri, Ostraca and Tablets. Founding editors J. F. Oates and W. H. Willis. Duke University, last updated 1 June 2011, https://library.duke.edu/rubenstein/scriptorium/papyrus/texts/clist.html.

Ryholt, K. “The Turin King-List.” Ägypten und Levante/Egypt and the Levant, Vol. 14 2004, pp. 135 - 155.

Sauneron, S. “The Wilbour Papyri in Brooklyn: A Progress Report.” The Brooklyn Museum Annual, Vol. 10, 1968-1969, pp. 109 - 113.

Schneider, K.: Paläographie und Handschriftenkunde für Germanisten. Eine Einführung (Sammlung kurzer Grammatiken germanistischer Dialekte Ergänzungsreihe 8). Tübingen 21999.

Schubart, W.: Einführung in die Papyruskunde. Berlin 1918

Schubart, W.: Griechische Paläographie. (Handbuch der Altertumswissenschaft 1.4.1). München 1925. Reprint München 1966.

Stegemann, V.: Koptische Paläographie. 25 Tafeln zur Veranschaulichung der Schreibstile koptischer Schriftdenkmäler auf Papyrus, Pergament und Papier für die Zeit des II.-XIV. Jahrhunderts. Mit einem Versuch einer Stilgeschichte der koptischen Schrift. Textband und Tafelband. (Quellen und Studien zur Geschichte und Kultur des Altertums und des Mittelalters. Reihe C. Hilfsbücher 1). Heidelberg 1936.

Straus, J. A. and E. G. Turner. “The Terms ‘Recto’ and ‘Verso’ - the Anatomy of a Papyrus Roll.” Actes du Xve Congres International de Papyrologie - Première Partie. Papyrologica Bruxellensia, Vol. 16, 1978.

Thompson, Sir E. M. An Introduction to Greek and Latin Paleography. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1912.

Thompson, Sir E. M.: An Introduction to Greek and Latin Palaeography. Oxford 1912.

Till, W. C.: Koptische Dialektgrammatik. Mit Lesestücken und Wörterbuch. München 1931.

Till, W. C.: Die koptischen Ostraka der Papyrussammlung der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek. Texte, Übersetzungen, Indices. (Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Philosophisch-historische Klasse. Denkschriften 78.1). Wien 1960.

Till, W. C.: Koptische Grammatik (Sahidischer Dialekt) mit Bibliographie, Lesestücken und Wörterverzeichnissen. (Lehrbücher für das Studium der orientalischen und afrikanischen Sprachen 1). Leipzig 31966.

Turner, E. G. Greek Papyri: An Introduction. London: Clarendon Paperbacks, 1980.

Turner, E. G. The Typology of the Early Codex. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1977.

Turner, E. G. The Papyrologist at Work: Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Monographs NO. 6. Durham: Duke University, 1973.

University of Michigan, Papyrology Collection. A Beginner’s Glossary of Papyrological Terms. Last modified 11 March 2014. https://www.lib.umich.edu/papyrology-collection/papyrus-glossary


Van Haarlem, W. “The Papyrus Puzzle, or How to Unlock a Random Papyrus Collection?” ed. Claire Derriks. Collections at Risk, New Challenges in a New Environment. 2017 pp. 117 - 120.

Wesseln, C.: Aus der Welt der Papyri. Leipzig 1914.

Willis, W. H. “Recent Papyrological Work in North America.” Studia Papyrologica, Vol. 15, 1976, pp. 109-117.


Chemistry and Analysis

Banik, G. and H. Stachelberger. “Salt Migration in Papyrus Fragments.” Recent Advances in the Conservation and Analysis of Artifacts, 1987, pp. 199-201.

Banik,G ,Brückle,I.: Paper and Water, A Guide for Conservators. Amsterdam 2011

Basile, C. “A Method of Making Papyrus and Fixing and Preserving it by Means of a Chemical Treatment.” In Conservation of Paintings and the Graphic Arts: Preprints of Contributions to the Lisbon Congress, 9-14 October 1972, pp. 901-906.

Borojevic, K. and R. Mountain. “Microscopic Identification and Sourcing of Ancient Egyptian Plant Fibres Using Longitudinal Thin Sectioning.” Archaeometry, Vol. 55, No. 1, 2013 Feb., pp. 81-112.

Buchala, A. J. and H. Meier. “Hemicelluloses from the Stalk of Cyperus Papyrus.” Photochemistry, Vol. 2, 1972, pp. 3275-3278.

Cappitelli, F. and C. Sorlini. “From Papyrus to Compact Disc: The Microbial Deterioration of Documentary Heritage.” Critical Reviews in Microbiology, Vol. 31, No. 1, 2005, pp. 1-10.

Christiansen, T., D. Buti, K. N. Dalby, P. E. Lindelof, K. Ryholt, A. Vila. “Chemical Characterization of Black and Red Inks Inscribed on Ancient Egyptian Papyri: The Tebtunis Temple Library.” Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 14 (2017) pp.208-219.

Clark, R. J. H. Raman Microscopy in the Identification of Pigments on Manuscripts and Other Artwork. In Scientific Examination of Art: Modern Techniques in Conservation and Analysis. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2005, pp. 162-185.

Cooper, D., C. King, and J. Segal. "The Use of Enzymes in Partially Non-Aqueous Media." Conservation of Library and Archive Materials and the Graphic Arts, Ed. by G. Petherbridge. London: The Institute of Paper Conservation and the Society of Archivists, 1987, pp. 25-30.

Daniels, Vincent and Bridget Leach. "The Occurrence and Alteration of Realgar on Ancient Egyptian Papyri." Studies in Conservation Vol. 49, NO. 2, 2004, pp. 73-84.

de Bignicourt, M. C. and F. Flieder. “L'analyse des papyrus. (Analysis of Papyrus).” In 11th Triennial Meeting, Edinburgh, Scotland, 1-6 September, 1996: Preprints (ICOM Committee for Conservation). Bridgland, J. (Editor). London: Earthscan Ltd, 1996, pp. 488-493.

El-Hamidi, A. and S. El-Gengaihi. “Photochemical Investigation of Cyperus Papyrus.” Pharmazie, Vol. 30, NO. 8, 1975.

Farke, H. „Archäologische Fasern, Geflechte, Gewebe. Bestimmung und Konservierung“. Restaurierung und Museumstechnik 7). Weimar 1986.

Flieder, F. and E. Delange. "Papyrus: The Need for Analysis." Restaurator, Vol. 22, No. 2, 2001, pp. 84-106.

Forbes, J. R. Studies in Ancient Technology. Vol. 3. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1955, pp. 228-231.

Fuchs, R. „Analyse von Tinten und Tuschen. Eine archäometrische Herausforderung“ In: Praxis der Naturwissenschaften – Chemie in der Schule 59, 5, 2010, S. 27-34.

Fuchs, R. „Der Tintenfraß historischer Tinten und Tuschen. Ein komplexes, nie enden wollendes Problem“ In: Tintenfraßschäden und ihre Behandlung. Hrsg. von Gerhard Banik, Hartmut Weber. Stuttgart 1999, S. 37-75.

Geiseler, S.-E. „Der Papyrus ÄS 818. Identifizierung und Abnahme des Trägermaterials“ Unveröff. Diplomarbeit FHTW Berlin 2004.

Goler, S., et. al. “Characterizing the Age of Ancient Egyptian Manuscripts Through Micro-Raman Spectroscopy.” Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, Vol. 47, Issue 10, October 2016, pp. 1185-1193.

Grasselli, J. G. “The Analytical Approach: Papyrus and Paper of Ancient Egypt.” Analytical Chemistry, Washington DC: American Chemical Society, 1983, pp.1220A.

Graf, J.,Villmann,B.,Schlattner,E.: “Composition and source of white precipitations on the inner Side of Papyrus Glazings.” Restaurator, Vol. 39, Nr. 2, 2018, pp. 85-107.

Graf, J. “Glass Corrosion: The Cause of the White/Grey Precipitation on the Insides of Papyrus Glass Frames.” British Museum Studies in Ancient Egypt and Sudan, Issue 23, 2016, pp. 47-56.

Graf, J., F. Schumacher. “Möglichkeiten der Ionenchromatografie: Identifizierung und quantitative Bestimmung wasserlöslicher Ablagerungen auf Papyrus-Fragmenten. (Possible Uses of Ion Chromatography: Identification and Quantification of Water-soluble Deposits on Papyrus Fragments).” Restauro, Vol. 114, No. 4, 2008, pp. 242-248.

Hahn, O. „Eisengallustinten. Materialanalyse historischer Schreibmaterialien durch zerstörungsfreie naturwissenschaftliche Untersuchung“ In: Editio 20, 2006, S. 143-157.

Haudek, H. W. and Viti, E. „Textilfasern. Herkunft, Herstellung, Aufbau, Eigenschaften, Verwendung“, Heidelberg 1980.

Hecht, E. „Welches Gewebe ist das?“, Stuttgart 1961.

Hepper, F. N. and T. Reynolds. “Papyrus and the Adhesive Properties of the Cell Sap in Relation to Papermaking.” Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. 53, 1967.

Hermes-Wladarsch, M., Graf,J., „Natriumchloridablagerungen auf den Innenseiten der historischen Gläser von verglasten Papyrusfragmenten“, Bericht über das Projekt „Die Bremer Papyri glasklar“, Archiv für Papyrusforschung und verwandte Gebiete, APF 64/2

Hirst, E. L. and J.K.N. Jones. "The Analysis of Plant Gums and Mucilages." Modern Methods of Plant Analysis, Vol. 3, Eds. by K. Paech and M.V. Tracey. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1955, pp. 275-94.

Ilvessalo-Pfäffli, Marja-Sisko: Fiber Atlas. Identification of Papermaking Fibers. (Springer Series in Wood Science). Berlin et al. 1995.

Jones, M. B. and T. R. Milburn. “Photosynthesis in Papyrus (Cyperus Papyrus).” Photosynthetica, Vol. 12, 1978, pp. 197-199.

Kowalik, R. “Microbiodeterioration of Library Materials: Decomposition of Papyrus by Microorganisms.” Restaurator, Vol. 4, No. 3-4, 1980, pp. 163-170.

Kowalik, R. and I. Sadurska. “Microflora of Papyrus from Samples of the Cairo Museums.” Studies in Conservation, Vol. 18, No. 1, 1973, pp. 1-24.

Kowalik, R., I. Sadurska, and E. Czerwinska. “Microbiological Deterioration of Old Books and Manuscripts Remedies.” Bolletino dell’Instituto de Patologia del Libro, Vol. 21, 1962, pp. 116-151.

Krekel, Christoph: Chemische Struktur historischer Eisengallustinten. In: Tintenfraßschäden und ihre Behandlung. Hrsg. von Gerhard Banik, Hartmut Weber. Stuttgart 1999, S. 25-35.

Krutzsch, M.: Materialtechnische Beobachtungen während der Restaurierung, in Magika Hieratika in Berlin, Hannover, Heidelberg und München (Ägyptische und Orientalische Papyri und Handschriften des Ägyptischen Museums und Papyrussammlung Berlin, Band 2) hrsg.v.Hans-W. Fischer-Elfert

Krutzsch, M and I Rabin: “Material Criteria and Their Clues for Dating.” New Testament Studies 61, Cambridge University Press, 2015, pp. 356 - 367.

Loske, T.: Methoden der Textilmikroskopie. Stuttgart 1964.

Lovestam, N. E. Goran and Swietlicki, E. “PIXE Analysis and Imaging of Papyrus Documents.” Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research, Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Vol. 45, No. 1-4, 1990, pp. 307-310.

Lynn, T. C. “Dating Papyrus Manuscripts by the AMS Carbon-14 Method.” The Biblical Archaeologist, Vol. 51, No. 3, 1988 Sep, pp. 141-142.

Mairinger, F.: Strahlenuntersuchung an Kunstwerken. (Bücherei des Restaurators 7). Leipzig

Manso, M., et. al. “Studies in Ancient Papers and Papyri by EDXRF.” In 8th International Conference on “Non-destructive Investigations and Microanalysis for the Diagnostics and Conservation of the Cultural and Environmental Heritage,” Lecce, Italy, 15-19 May 2005. Eds. C. Parisi, G. Buzzanca, and A. Paradisi. Rome: Universitá Degli Studi di Lecce, Italy, 2005, 10p.

Martinez, G., et al. Κóμαρι: Some Hypotheses on an Enigmatic Dyestuff Described in Certain Recipes of Greek Alchemical Papyri. e-Preservation Science, Vol. 10, 2013, pp. 90-98.

Matteini, M. and Moles, A: Naturwissenschaftliche Untersuchungsmethoden in der Restaurierung. München 1990.

McGovern, J. N. “Bonding in Papyrus and Papyrus-like Mats.” TAPPI, Vol. 65, NO. 5, 1982, pp. 159-162.

Michałowski, K. “Badania naukowe nad starozytnoscia. (Scientific studies of antiquity).” Rocznik Muzeum Narodowego w Warszawie, Vol. 6, 1962, pp. 133-164.

Michel, R. H. and P. E. McGovern. The Chemical Processing of Royal Purple Dye: Ancient Descriptions as Elucidated by Modern Science, Part 2. Archeomaterials, Vol. 4, No. 1, 1990, pp. 97-104.

Neate, S., et.al. “An Investigation of the Extent and Causes of Salt Migration in the Papyrus and Related Collections in the Bodleian Library.” Restaurator, Vol. 32, pp. 135-159.

Nedelcheva, E. “On the Behavior of Lignin Isolated from Cyperus Papyrus L. in Aqueous Solutions of Sugars.” Cellulose Chemistry and Technology, Vol. 8, 1974, pp. 79-88.

Nielson, I. Papyrus: Structure, Manufacture and Deterioration. Thesis, School of Conservation, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1985, pp. 185.

Olsson, A. M., et. al. “Micro-PIXE Analysis of an Ancient Egyptian Papyrus: Identification of Pigments Used for the ‘Book of the Dead’.” Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research. Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Vol. 18, No. 1-4, 2001, pp. 707-714.

Ost-Rassow, B. and Schwarze, W. K.: Lehrbuch der chemischen Technologie. Leipzig 1955.

Rabin, I. et al.: Identification and classification of historical writing inks in spectroscopy. In: Compatative Oriental Manuscript Studies Newsletter, 3, 2012, S. 26-31.

Ragab, H. “A New Theory Brought Forward about the Adhesion of Papyrus Strips.” Paper delivered to the 14th International Congress of Paper Historians, Manchester, 1978.

Reynolds, T. “Adhesive Substances in Cyperus Papyrus L.” Chemistry and Industry, 1967, pp. 704-705.

Ribaucourt, N.: Über gewöhnlich schwarze Tinte. In: Die Neuesten Entdeckungen in der Chemie. Crell. 27, 1797. S. 45.

Riederer, J.: Kunstwerke chemisch betrachtet. Materialien, Analysen, Altersbestimmung. Berlin et al. 1981.

Riederer, J.: Archäologie und Chemie. Hrsg. von den Staatlichen Museen Preußischer Kulturbesitz. Berlin 1988.

Schweppe, H.: Handbuch der Naturfarbstoffe. Vorkommen, Verwendung, Nachweis. Landsberg am Lech 1993.

Segal, J. and D. Cooper. “The Use of Enzymes to Release Adhesive.” The Paper Conservator, Vol. 2, 1977, pp. 47-50.

Sider, D. "Pliny on the Manufacture of Paste for Papyrus." Zeitschrift Für Papyrologie Und Epigraphik, Vol. 22, 1976, pp. 74.

Schoppen,A.:Tinten und Tuschen des arabisch-islamischen Mittelalters,Abhandlungen der Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen, Dritte Folge, Band 269, Vandenhoeck&Ruprecht 2004/2006

Wagner, B., et. al. “Identification of inks and pigments in ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead by SEM-EDS.” In Art 2002: 7th International Conference on Non-destructive Testing and Microanalysis for the Diagnostics and Conservation of the Cultural and Environmental Heritage: 2-6 June 2002, Congress Centre Elzenveld, Antwerp, Belgium: proceedings. Eds. van Grieken, R.; Janssens, K.; Van't dack, L.; and Meersman, G. University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium, 2002, 7p.

Wagner, B., et. al. “Analytical approach to the conservation of the ancient Egyptian manuscript ‘Bakai book of the Dead’ : a case study.” Microchim Acta (2007) 159 pp. 101-108.

Wallert, A., Moeliono, B.M. and Kruijer, J.D.: Mikroskopische Untersuchung von Papyrus und Plinius. Historia Naturalis XIII, 74-83. Eine anatonischmorphologische Studie. In: Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik. 76, 1989, S. 39-44.

Wiedemann, H. G., U. G. Mueller, and G. Bayer. ”Old Egyptian Papyrus Investigated by Thermodynamical Methods.“ Thermal Analysis: Proceedings of the International Conference on Thermal Analysis, Vol. 5, 1977, pp. 373-375.

Wildung, D. “Einblicke-Zerstörungsfreie Untersuchungen an altägyptischen Objekten. (Nondestructive Testing of Ancient Egyptian Objects).” Jahrbuch preußischer Kulturbesitz, Vol. 29, 1993, pp. 133-156.

Wilbrandt G. et al.: Faserstofflehre. Leipzig 41974.

Wise, L. E. and M. A. el-Taraboulsi. “The Rind and Pith of Papyrus: An Analytical Study.” TAPPI, Vol. 37, No. 1, 1954, pp. 25-28.

Yardley, J. T. and A. Hagadorn. “Characterization of the Chemical Nature of the Black Ink in the Manuscript of The Gospel of Jesus’s Wife through Micro-Raman Spectroscopy.” Harvard Theological Review, Vol. 107, Issue 2, April 2014, pp. 162-164.

Yardley, J. T. and A. Hagadorn. "Ink Study of Two Ancient Fragments through Micro-Raman Spectroscopy." Projects at Harvard. Last modified May 13, 2013. http://harvard_fragment_report_rev071.pdf


Conservation

Assis, V. “Conservation of a Group of Coptic Papyri from the Apa Apollo Monastery.” British Museum Studies in the Ancient Egypt and Sudan. Issue 23 (2016) pp. 21-25.

Baker, C. "Methylcellulose and Sodium Carboxymethylcellulose: Uses in Paper Conservation.” Book and Paper Group Annual, Vol. 1, 1982, pp. 16-19.

Basile, C. “Metodo usato dagli antichi Egizi per la fabbricazione e la preservazione della carta-papiro.” Aegyptus, Vol. 57, 1977, pp. 190-199.

Beny, A., A. Youssef, M. Hassan, M. Esmail, and N. Said. "Low-Budget and ‘Low-Tech’ Solutions for Papyrus Conservation and Storage at the National Library of Egypt." Conservation and the Eastern Mediterranean: Contributions to the 2010 IIC Congress, 2010, pp. 279.

Blanchard, A. “Les Papyrus Litteraires Grecs Extraits de Cartonnages: Etudes de Bibliologie.” In Ancient and Medieval Book Materials and Techniques, Vol. 1. Eds. by M. Maniaci and P.F. Munago. Vatican City: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 1993, pp. 15-40.

Boffula, P. and S. Hodeček. “Papyrussammlung-Österreichische Nationalbibliothek di Vienna: il papiro P. Vindob. A. P. 9081: restauro, digitalizzazione e catalogazione on-line. (Department of Papyri of the Austrian National Library in Vienna: the P. Vindob. A. P. 9081 Papyrus: Conservation, Digitizing and Cataloging Online).” Kermes: La Rivista del Restauro, Vol. 26, No. 92, 2013 Oct-Dec, pp. 39-46.

Braat, C. C. “Papyrus: Conservatie en Restauratie (Papyrus: Conservation and Restoration).” Mededelingenblad (IIC Nederland), Vol. 2, 1985, pp. 18-29.

Caminos, R. A. “Some Comments on the Reuse of Papyrus.” Papyrus: Structure and Usage, Occasional Paper, NO. 60, Ed. by M.L. Bierbrier. British Museum, 1986, pp. 43-61.

Ciatti, M., et. al. “Tecnica e conservazione di manufatti archeologici in fibre vegetali del Museo Egizio di Firenze. (Techniques and Conservation of Archaeological Plant-fiber Artifacts in the Egyptian Museum in Florence).” OPD restauro: rivista dell'Opificio delle pietre dure e laboratorio di restauro di Firenze, Vol. 17, 2005, pp. 285-303.

Cockle, W. E. H. “Restoring and Conserving Papyri.” Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies, Vol. 30, 1983, pp. 147-165.

Dabre, Florence. "The Papyrus Codex Tchacos; Its Authentication, Conservation, and Future." Papier Restaurierung, Vol. 9, No. 4, 2008, pp. 19-25.

Dawson, Julie. "Conserving Ancient Egypt in Cambridge." ICON News: The Magazine of the Institute of Conservation, Vol. 7, November 2006, pp. 30-34.

Donnithorne, A. “The Conservation of Papyrus in the British Museum.” In Papyrus: Structure and Usage, M. Bierbrier (ed). British Museum Occasional Paper 60. London: British Museum, 1986, pp. 1-23.

Elliot, F. and E. Harding. "A Modern Approach to Papyrus Conservation; Materials and Techniques as Applied at The British Museum." Papers from the 10th Anniversary Conference “New Directions in Paper Conservation,” Vol. 11, 1987, pp. 63-68.

El-Meligy, M. G. and W. N. Wahba. “True Paper from Papyrus.” Restaurator, Vol. 23, no. 1, 2002, pp. 27-28.

Elnaggar, A., et. al. “Viability of Laser Cleaning of Papyrus: Conservation and Scientific Assessment.” Studies in Conservation, Vol. 60, No. 1-Suppl., 2015, pp. 73-81.

Evans, D., D. Hamburg, and M. Mickelson. "A Papyrus Treatment: Bringing the Book of the Dead to Life." Papers Presented at the Art Conservation Training Programs Conference, Winterthur/UD Program in Art Conservation, Winterthur, Delaware, April 1980, pp. 109-126.

Evans, D. “Funori: A Short Description, Recipe, and Source.” The Book and Paper Group Annual, Vol. 3, 1984.

Doyle, B. “Tip: A Papyrus Rehousing Project at Duke University Libraries.” In Book and Paper Group Tips Session 2013: Contemporary Treatment - Tips and Techniques.” S. Reidell (Moderator). The Book and Paper Group Annual, Vol. 32, 2013, pp. 81-82.

Fackelmann, M. “Restaurierung von Papyrus und Anderen Schriftträgern aus Ägypten (Restoration of Papyrus and Other Writing Supports from Egypt).” In Studia Amstelodamensia ad epigraphicam, ius antiquum et papyrologicam pertinentia, No. 24, Zutphen, Netherlands: Terra Publishing Co., 1985.

Fackelmann, M. “Neurungen in der Papyrusrestaurierung.” Proceedings of the Sixteenth International Congress of Papyrology, American Studies in Papyrology, Vol. 23, Chico, 1981, pp. 657-663.

Fackelmann, A. “The Restoration of the Herculaneum Papyri and Other Recent Finds.” Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies, Vol. 17, 1970, pp. 144-147.

Fischer, A. „Die Wiederinstandsetzung des Codex traditionum ecclesiae Ravennatis der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek München. In: Zeitschrift für Bibliothekswesen und Bibliographie 5, 1958, S. 291-305.

Flood, P. R. and O. Wendelbo “The Enzymatic Extraction of Papyri from Cartonnage: A Control Study by Light and Scanning Electron Microscopy.” Restaurator, Vol. 2, NO. 2, 1975, pp. 53-59.

Fosse, B. and K. Kleve. “An Easy and Cheap Method of Removing Papyrus from Gesso Cartonnage.” Symbolae Osloeness, Vol. 56, 1981, pp. 171-179.

Fuchs, R. “Unrolling a Papyrus: Investigations into an Extraordinary 3500-year Book of the Dead.” Care and Conservation of Manuscripts: Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Seminar Held at the University of Copenhagen, 13th-15th April 2011, Vol. 13, 2012, pp. 215-234.

Galinsky, E. „Kunststoff-Folien in der Papierrestaurierung 1950-1970. Schwerpunkt Deutschland“ (Schriftenreihe zur Bestanderhaltung 1). Hrsg. von Gerhard Banik, Wolfgang Wächter. Leipzig 2001.

Gilberg, M. “Antonio Piaggio and the Conservation of the Herculaneum Papyri.” Early Advances in Conservation, Occasional Paper, NO. 65, November 1988, pp. 1-6.

Graf, J. Ein Papyruskonvolut wird lesbar: Kiste A der Papyrussammlung der Universitätsbibliothek Leipzig. (A Convolute of Papyri is Made Legible: Box A of the Papyrus Collection of the University Library). Restauro, Vol. 110, No. 8, 2004, pp. 527-531.

Graf, J., Homann, M., Scholl, R. „>>... mit einer Nadel in sehr dünne, aber möglichst breite Häute geteilt....<<oder Papyrusherstellung und Beschreibung“ in: Katalog zur Ausstellung der Universitätsbibliothek Leipzig 18.06.- 26.09.2010-08-06, Vergraben, Verloren, Gefunden, Erforscht Papyrusschätze in Leipzig, Herausgeber Prof. R. Scholl, in: Schriften der Universitätsbibliothek Leipzig; 20 S.10-13

Graf, J. „Papyrusrestaurierung an der Universitätsbibliothek“ in: Das Buch in Antike, Mittelalter und Neuzeit, Sonderbestände der Universitätsbibliothek Leipzig, hrsg. v. Th. Fuchs, C.Mackert und R.Scholl, Harrassowitz Verlag Wiesbaden, 2012

Halleux, R. “The Stockholm Papyrus.” In Les Alchimistes grecs: Tome 1, Papyrus de Leyde, papyrus de Stockholm, fragments de recettes. Halleux, Robert (Editor). Paris: Belles-Lettres, 1981.

Hanley, V. “Reed All About It: Conservation, Framing & Glazing of Papyri at National Museums Scotland.” Tru Vue article, retrieved 2018: http://tru-vue.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/QV_NMS_Papyri.pdf

Harrauer, H. Bericht über das 1. Wiener Symposium für Papyrusrestaurierung 4.-8.06.1984, Wien Holzhausen, Generaldirektion der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek (ed.): Mitteilungen aus der Papyrussammlung der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek (Papyrus Erzherzog Rainer), Neue Serie 19, De Gruyter, 1985, 7-16.

Harrauer, H. “Wiener Papyrussammlung. (The Vienna papyrus collection).” Textilforum, Vol. 4, 1985 Dec, pp. 38-39.

Hedrick, C. W. “Techniques in the Placement of Papyrus Fibres.” The Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists, Vol. 13, 1976, pp. 143-155.

Hermes-Wladarsch, M., Graf,J., „Natriumchloridablagerungen auf den Innenseiten der historischen Gläser von verglasten Papyrusfragmenten“, Bericht über das Projekt „Die Bremer Papyri glasklar“, Archiv für Papyrusforschung und verwandte Gebiete, 2018, APF 64/2

Hunt, A. S. “The Damping out and Flattening of Papyri.” The Oxyrhynchas Papyri 50, The British Academy by the Egypt Exploration Society, 1983.

Ibscher, Hugo: Über die Wiederherstellung und Konservierung der Vendidad Handschrift K 1. In: The Avesta Codices K 3a, K 3b and K 1. Bd. 1. Hrsg. von Arthur Christensen. Kopenhagen 1941, S. 13-17.

Ibscher, Rolf: Die Wiederherstellung des Berliner Proverbienkodex. Der Weg zu einer neuen Konservierungsmethode für Papyri. In: Zentralblatt für Bibliothekswesen Heft 4, 1959, S. 362-370.

Ibscher, R. “Wandlungen in der Praxis der Papyruskonservation” ,Actes du Xe Congres Int.de Papyrologues,Wrocklaw-Krakau,1964,p.249-257

Iskander, N. The Conservation and Preservation of Islamic Books, Papers, Manuscripts, Papyri, and Parchments. In The Conservation and Preservation of Islamic Manuscripts: Proceedings of the Third Conference of al-Furqan Islamic Heritage Foundation: 18th-19th November 1995. Publication (al-Furqan Islamic Hritage Foundation), No. 19. Ibish, Yusuf; and Atiyeh, George (Editors). London: Al-Furqan Islamic Heritage Foundation, 1997, pp. 119-130.

Janis, K. Die Bearbeitung eines ptolemäischen Mumienpektorales im Interessenkonflikt zwischen Papyrologie und Restaurator. (The Treatment of a Ptolemaic Mummy Trapping: A Conflict of Interest Between Papyrology and Conservation). Göttinger Miszellen: Beiträge zur ägyptologischen Diskussion, Vol. 161, 1997, pp. 87-95.

Kamrin, J. “Scrolling Through Imhotep’s ‘Book of the Dead’.” Now At the Met, 2016 July 12. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Blogs, https://www.metmuseum.org/blogs/now-at-the-met/2016/book-of-the-dead.

Kaye, M. “Exploring New Glass Technology for the Glazing of Papyri.” The Book and Paper Group Annual, Vol. 36, 2017, pp. 150-157.

Kaye, M. "Housing Papyrus at the University of Michigan Library." Archival Products, Vol. 19, No. 1, 2015.

Krutzsch, M. "Ein Papyrusfund aus dem Alten Reich." Restauro Forum, No. 6, 1999, pp. 460-463.

Krutzsch, M. "Falttechniken an altägyptische Handschriften." Ägypten lesbar machen – die klassische Konservierung/Restaurierung von Papyri und neuere Verfahren, eds. J. Graf and M. Krutzsch, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2006, pp. 71-83.

Krutzsch, M.: Geduld will beim Werke sein. Zur Erinnerung an Hugo Ibschers Aufnahme in der Berliner Papyrussammlung 1894. In: Archiv für Papyrusforschung und verwandte Gebiete 40, 1994, S. 165-166.

Krutzsch, M. "Geduld Will Bei Dem Werke Sein. (Conservation Research in the Berlin Papyrus Collection)." In Research in Book and Paper Conservation in Europe: A State of the Art, Ed. P. Engel, Horn, Austria: Ferdinand Berger, 2009, pp. 43-50.

Krutzsch, M. “Mounting of Papyrus Codex Sheets.” Journal of Paper Conservation: IADA Reports, Vol. 17, No. 2, 2016, pp. 67-69.

Krutzsch, M. Graf, J.: Ägypten lesbar machen- die klassische Konservierung/ Restaurierung von Papyri und neuere Verfahren, in: Gesammelte Beiträge des 1. Internationalen Workshops der Papyrusrestauratoren, Leipzig 7.-9. September 2006, hrsg. v. Jörg Graf und Myriam Krutzsch (Archiv für Papyrusforschung, Beih. 24), Berlin, New York 2008, S. 28-33.

Kulneff-Lund, K. The Papyrus Collection in Lund. Care and Conservation of Manuscripts 11: Proceedings of the 11th International Seminar Held at the University of Copenhagen 24-25 April 2008. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press, University of Copenhagen, 2009, pp. 91-103.

Kunicki-Goldfinger, Jerzy J.: Unstable historic glass: symptoms, causes, mechanisms and conservation Studies in Conservation, Volume 53, 2008 - Issue sup2

Lau-Lamb, L. Advanced Papyrological Information System Guidelines for Conservation of Papyrus. University of Michigan Library. Revised May 2010. https://www.lib.umich.edu/papyrus-collection/advanced-papyrological-information-system.

Lau-Lamb, L. "A New Material for the Conservation of Papyrus." The Book and Paper Group Annual, Vol. 26, 2007, pp. 187-188.

Leach, B. "Conservation of Papyrus." Report on The Tomb of Senneferi, Theban Tomb 99. Cambridge Theban Mission, 1999 and 2000. http://www.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/tt99/report99/papyrus.html

Leach, B. "Mounting Papyri at the British Museum." In Art on Paper: Mounting and Housing, Eds. J. Rayner, J. M. Kosek, and B. Christensen, London: Archetype Publications, 2005, pp. 193-198.

Leach, B. “A Conservation History of the Ramesseum Papyri.” The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, vol. 92 (2006), pp. 225 - 240.

Leach, B.: Papyrus conservation at the British Museum. Papyrologica Lupiensia 3:135-61.

Leach, B.: Papyrus. Conservation DistList. http://palimpsest.stanford.edu/byform/mailinglists/ cdl/2003/0911.html (accessed April 5, 2008).

Leach, B., and L. Green. "Removal of Unsuitable Linings from Illustrated Papyri: An Investigation into Suitable Consolidants and Facings." In Conservation in Ancient Egyptian Collections: papers given at the conference organized by the United Kingdom Institute for Conservation, Archaeology Section, and International Academic Projects, held at London, 20-21 July 1995, Eds. C. E. Brown, F. Macalister, and M. M. Wright. London: Archetype Publications, 1995, pp. 29-35.

Lewis, N. “East Meets West: Solutions for Housing Papyri and Thangkas.” In Art on Paper: Mounting and Housing, Eds. J. Rayner, J.M. Kosek, and B. Christensen. London: Archetype Publications, 2005, pp. 187-192.

Maehler, H. “A New Method of Dismounting Papyrus Cartonnage.” Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies, Vol. 27, 1980, pp. 120 - 122.

Maggen, M. "The Conservation of Papyri Documents Dated to the 4th Century BCE." Restaurator, Vol. 18, No. 3, 1997, pp. 153-61.

Makar, R. “Conservation of Special Materials in the University of Utah Middle East Library.” MELA Notes No. 31 (Winter, 1984) pp 17 - 24.

Menei, E. “Use of East Asian Materials and Techniques on Papyrus: Inspiration and Adaptation.” In Adapt & Evolve 2015: East Asian Materials and Techniques in Western Conservation. Proceedings from the International Conference of the Icon Book & Paper Group, London 8-10 April, 2015. London: The Institute of Conservation, 2017, pp. 118-127. https://icon.org.uk/node/4998

Menei, E. and L. Caylux. “Study of Inlay Mounting of Prints and Drawings at the Louvre Museum: The Results of Several Decades of Experience.” Journal of Paper Conservation: IADA Reports, Vol. 17, No. 1, 2016, pp. 20-27.

Menei, E. and L. Caylux. ”Strategy in the Case of a Wrecked Papyrus: Is an Intervention Appropriate?” Paper Conservation: Decisions & Compromises, ICOM-CC Graphic Documents Working Group Interim Meeting, Vienna 17-19 April 2013, L. Watteeuw & C. Hofmann, eds., pp. 135-138.

Menei, E. “Montage de Papyri Recto/Verso: Bilan, Réalisations et Recherches.” Support Tracé, Vol. 12, 2012, pp. 48-54.

Menei, E. "Fifteen Years of Papyri Conservation at the Louvre: The Influence of Japanese Techniques." Archiv für Papyrusforschung, 2008, pp. 62-67.

Miller, J.: Books Will Speak Plain. A Handbook for Identifying and Describing Historical Bindings. Ann Arbor, Michigan 2010.

Nielsen, I.: Papyrus, structure, manufacture and deterioration, PhD thesis, Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Kopenhagen, 104-150.

Noack, G. “Conservation of Yale’s Papyrus Collection.” The Book and Paper Group Annual, Vol. 4, 1986, pp. 61-73.

Novak, V. “Wiedergeburt eines vergessenen Papyrus: zur Konservierung und Restaurierung einer Papyrusrolle der Ägyptisch-Orientalischen Sammlung.“ (Rebirth of a Forgotten Papyrus: The Preservation and Restoration of a Papyrus Scroll from the Egyptian and Near Eastern Collection.) Technologische Studien: Konservierung, Restaurierung, Forschung, Technologie, Vol. 12, 2016, pp. 96-123.

Oltrogge, D. and Fuchs, R.: Die Maltechnik des Codex Aurens aus Echternach. Ein Meisterwerk im Wandel. Nürnberg 2009.

Owen, A., and R. Danzing. "The History and Treatment of the Papyrus Collection at The Brooklyn Museum." The Book and Paper Group Annual, Vol. 12, 1993.

Pack, S. P. and N. Stolow. “A Microclimate for a Fayum Portrait.” Studies in Conservation, Vol. 23, 1978, pp. 47-56.


Peterman, G. “Conservation of the Petra Papyri.” The Biblical Archaeologist, Vol. 57, No. 4 Dec. 1994, pp. 242-243.

Pintaudi, R. “Il Restauro dei Papiri: Note, Proposte, Esemplificazioni (The Restoration of Papyri: Notes, Proposals, Case Studies).” Bolletino dell’Istituto Centrale per la Patologia del Libro “Alfonso Gallo”, Vol. 34, 1976-77, pp. 3-33.

Plenderleith, H. J. and A.E.A. Werner. The Conservation of Antiquities and Works of Art. London: Oxford University Press, 1971, pp. 44-69.

Porten, B. “Aramaic Letters: A Study in Papyrological Reconstruction.” Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt, Vol. 17, 1980, pp. 39-75.

Quandt, A.: The Archimedes palimpsest: Conservation treatment, digital imaging and transcription of a rare medieval manuscript. In Works of art on paper: Books, documents and photographs: Techniques and conservation; contributions to the Baltimore Congress, 2-6 September 2002, ed. Vincent Daniels, Alan Donnithorne, and Perry Smith, 165-70. London: International Institute for Conservation.

Ragab, H. “Establishment of an International Papyrus Restoration Centre.” In Spirit of Enterprise: The 1984 Rolex Awards. London: Aurum Press Ltd., 1984, pp. 298-301.

Ragab, H. “Une Nouvelle Methode Pour la Restauration Integrate du Papyrus Avarie. (A New Method for the Complete Restoration of Damaged Papyrus). La Conservazione delle Carte Antiche, No. 3, 1982, pp. 11-18.

Rathgen, F. The Preservation of Antiquities. Cambridge: The Cambridge University Press, 1905.

Regulski, I. “ ‘Fill my hand with a papyrus sheet so that I can tell you a lot’ : A papyrus bundle for Bridge Leach.” British Museum Studies in Ancient Egypt and Sudan. Issue 23 2016, pp. 1-5.

Ryholt, K. “A Greek-Demotic Temple Archive from Edfu Dating to the Reign of Ptolemy VIII.” Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, Bd 190, 2014, pp. 173 - 187.

Salz, K. and L. Skrivanek. Application of Copolymers for Polyvinyl Acetals as a Means for Protection, Preservation, Restoration, Stabilization, Hydrophobization of Papyrus, Papers, Books and/or Manuscripts. Patent. US 3,698,925, 1972 Oct 17.

Schluttig, O. and Neumann, G. S.: Die Eisengallustinten zu ihrer Beurtheilung. Dresden 1890.

Shaheen, A. M. Scientific Basis of Treatment and Conservation of Parchment and Papyrus. Cairo: General Organization for Government Printing Offices, 1981.

Shepherd, W. H.: The Preservation and Conservation of Papyri by MLIS 7710 Archival Theory and Issues, Spring 2008 April 24, 2008

Skeat, T.C.: Papyri from Panopolis in the Chester Beatty Library Dublin. (Chester Beatty Monographs 10). Dublin 1964.

Skeat, T.C.: Greek Papyri in the British Museum (now in the British Library). Bd. 7. The Zenon Archive. Oxford 1974.

Smith, L. H. “Manuscript Repair in European Archives: II the Continent.” The American Archivist, Vol. 1, No. 2 (April 1938) pp. 51 - 77.

Smith, R. D. Treatment of Cellulosic Materials. U.S. Patient No. 3,676,182, Washington, DC: US Patent Office, July 11, 1972.

Stanley, T. “On the Road to Cairo: Conducting Papyrus Conservation Courses in Egypt.” The Book & Paper Group Annual, Vo. 24, 2005, pp. 65-69.

Stanley, T. "Papyrus Storage at Princeton University." The Book and Paper Group Annual, Vol. 13, 1994.

Steinman, A. “Static Control Technology Preserves Ancient Egyptian Artifacts.” Electrical Overstress/Electrostatic Discharge Symposium Proceedings, September 23-25, 1997, pp. 298-302.

Streri, A. "Mounting Papyri: Example of Mounting a Papyrus Collection of the Islamic Art Department in the Louvre Museum." Journal of Paper Conservation: IADA Reports, Vol. 13, No. 3, 2012, pp. 32-35.

Sutter, H.: Holzschädlinge an Kulturgütern erkennen und bekämpfen. Handbuch für Denkmalpfleger, Restauratoren, Konservatoren, Architekten und Holzfachleute. Bern et al. 42002.

Taylor, J., B. Leach, and H. Sharp. "The History and Conservation of the Papyrus of Tuy." The British Museum Technical Research Bulletin, Vol. 5, 2011, pp. 95-104.

Weber, D.: Berliner Pahlavi-Dokumente;Zeugnisse spätsassanidischer Brief-und Rechtskultur aus frühislamischer Zeit. (Mit Beiträgen von M.Krutzsch und M.Macuch) Harrassowitz Verlag Wiesbaden,Iranica Bd.15,2008

Walker, A. “The Use of a Facing Technique in the Treatment of Fragile Papyri.” Conservation of Ancient Egyptian Materials: Preprints, Eds. S.C. Watkins and C.E. Brown. Bristol: Conference of the United Kingdom Institute for Conservation, Archeology Section, 1988, pp. 51-53.

Wallert, A.: 1989. The reconstruction of papyrus manufacture: A preliminary investigation. Studies in Conservation 34, no. 1:1-8.

Watteeuw, L., and C. Hofmann, eds. Paper Conservation: Decisions & Compromises Extended Abstracts presented at the ICOM-CC Graphic Document Working Group - Interim Meeting. Vienna: International Council of Museums, 2013.

Wendelbo, O. “Extraction of Papyri from Gesso Cartonnage: A New Method Based on an Enzymatic Approach.” Proceedings of the XIV International Congress of Papyrologists, Oxford, 1974, pp. 337-340.

Wendelbo, O. “The Enzymatic Scalpel - on the Use of Proteolytic Enzymes in Restoration of Paper and Papyrus.” Research in Norway, Ed. by M.S. Morlensen. Oslo: Norwegian Council for Science and the Humanities, 1977, pp. 9-15.

Wendelbo, O. “The Freeing of Papyri from Cartonnage.” Restaurator, Vol. 2, No. 2, 1975, pp. 41-52.

Wendelbo, O. “The Removal of Papyrus from Gesso Cartonnage with Some Remarks on the Separation of Glued Papyri.” Symbolae Osloenses, Vol. 50, 1975.

Wendelbo, O. “The Use of Enzymes for Restoration Purposes.” Archives et Bibliothèques de Belgique, Vol. 12, 1974.

Wendelbo, O. “The Use of Proteolytic Enzymes in the Restoration of Paper and Papyrus.” University Library of Bergen, 1976.

Wright, M. M. “A Method of Extracting Papyri from Cartonnage.” Studies in Conservation, Vol. 28, No. 3, 1983, pp. 122-126.

Wunderlich, C.: Zur Zuverlässigkeit des Korrosionsschutzverfahrens mit Tannin. In: Arbeitsblätter für Restauratoren 1, 1994, S. 280-286. 123

Youssef, A. “Persevering After a 1,000 Years and a Blast.” Thesaurus Islamicus Foundation & Dar Al Kutub Manuscript Project. Poster presented at the 10th Islamic Manuscript Association Conference, Cambridge, 2014.


Photography and Imaging

Alexopoulou, A. A., et. al. “Multispectral Documentation and Image Processing Analysis of the Papyrus of Tomb II at Daphne, Greece.” Journal of Archaeological Science, Vol. 40, No. 2, 2013 Feb, pp. 1242-1249.

Andorlini, I., et. al. “Use of CCD Cameras and Red-extended Photographic Film for Inspection and Recording of Dark Papyri.” Science and Technology for Cultural Heritage 2, 1993, pp. 115-122.

Bay, S., R. Macfarlane, T. Wayment and G. Bearman. “Multi-Spectral Imaging vs. Monospectral Infrared Imaging.” Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, Bd. 173 (2010), pp. 211 - 217.

Bearman, G. H. and S. I. Spiro. “Archaeological Applications of Advanced Imaging Techniques.” The Biblical Archaeologist, Vol. 59, No. 1, 1996, pp. 56-66.

Bridgman, C. F. “The Radiography of Museum Objects.” Expedition Magazine, Vol. 15, Issue 3, Spring 1973, pp. 2-14.

Bulow-Jacobsen, A. “Some Considerations on the Quality of Microfilms of Manuscripts.” Cahiers de l’Institut du Moyen Age Grec et Latin, Vol. 30, Copenhagen, 1979.

Cockle, W. E. H. “Taking Photographs of Papyri.” Akten des XIII. Internationalen Papyrologenkongressess, Marburg/Lahn, 2-6 August 1971, Eds. Von E. Kiebling and H.A. Rupprecht. Munich, 1974, pp. 83-88.

Coles, R. “International Papyrological Photographic Archive: Report of the Cairo Mission, February/March 1978.” Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, Bd. 32 (1978) pp. 223 - 231.

Helgerson, L. “Scanners Present Maze of Options.” Mini-Micro Systems, January 1987, pp. 71-81.

Labaune, J., et. al. “Papyrus Imaging with Terahertz Time Domain Spectroscopy.” Applied Physics. A, Materials Science & Processing, Vol. 100, No. 3, 2010, pp. 607-612.

Wall, E. W. “Small-Format Photography of Carbonized Papyri.” Proceedings of the XVI International Congress of Papyrology. Chico, Calif., 1981, pp. 677-680.

Enhancement of Script

Allegra, D., et. al. “X-ray Computed Tomography for Virtually Unrolling Damaged Papyri.” Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing, Vol. 122, No. 3, 2016, 7 pp.

Andorlini, I., et al. Use of CCD Cameras and Red-extended Photographic film for Inspection and Recording of Dark Papyri. Science and Technology for Cultural Heritage, Vol. 2, 1993, pp. 115-122.

Baum, D. et. al. “Revealing hidden text in rolled and folded papyri.” Applied Physics, Vol. 123, No. 171, 2017, published with open access on Springerlink.com.

Bertani, D., et al. High Resolution Digital Recording of Papyri in the Visible and Near Infrared. In 17th International Meeting on Heritage Conservation: 20-22 November, Castellón, Vila-Real, Burriana, 2008: Preprints of the Papers to the Congress. Roig Picazo, Pilar; Bernal Navarro, Juana C.; Moltó Orts, Maria Teresa; and Nebot Díaz, Esther (Editors). Generalitat Valenciana. Conselleria de Cultura i Esport. Fundación de la Comunidad Valenciana La Llum de les Imatges, Valencia, Spain, 2008, pp. 135-138.

Brun, E., et. al. “Revealing Metallic Ink in Herculaneum Papyri.” PNAS, Vol. 113, No. 14, April 5, 2016, pp. 3751-3754.

Coughlin, E. K. “Cameras, Computers Help to Decipher Ancient Texts.” The Chronicle of Higher Education, Vol. 34, NO. 11, November 11, 1987, pp. A6-A9.

Delattre, D. and E. Brun. Lire le contenu des rouleaux carbonisés d'Herculanum sans les ouvrir.(Reading the contents of charred Herculaneum rolled papyri without opening them). Support tracé, No. 15, 2015, pp. 9-16.

Elmer-DeWitt, P. “When the Dead are Revived.” Time, March 14, 1988, pp. 80-18.

Engel, P. “Deletions in Manuscripts: Historical Sources and Physical Traces.” Care and Conservation of Manuscripts, Vol. 14, 2014, pp. 109-135.

Fackelmann, M. „Ein neuer Weg zur Wiederherstellung von Papyrus- Kodizes. Die Restaurierung des Wiener Hilarius“ In: Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 13, 1974, S. 187-194.

Gargano, M., et. al. “ A perceptual approach to the fusion of visible and NIR images in the examination of ancient documents.” Journal of Cultural Heritage 16 (2015) 518 - 525.

Gibson, A., et. al. “An Assessment of Multimodal Imaging of Subsurface Text in Mummy Cartonnage Using Surrogate Papyrus Phantoms.” Heritage Science, Vol. 6, No. 7, 2018, pp. 1-13.


Graf, J., Krutzsch, M. „Ägypten lesbar machen- die klassische Konservierung/ Restaurierung von Papyri und neuere Verfahren“ in: Gesammelte Beiträge des 1. Internationalen Workshops der Papyrusrestauratoren, Leipzig 7.-9. September 2006, hrsg. v. Jörg Graf und Myriam Krutzsch (Archiv für Papyrusforschung, Beih. 24), Berlin, New York 2008, S. 28-33.

Graf, J. “Ein Papyruskonvolut wird lesbar: Kiste A der Papyrussammlung der Universitätsbibliothek Leipzig. (A Convolute of Papyri is Made Legible: Box A of the Papyrus Collection of the University Library Leipzig).” Restauro, Vol. 110, No. 8, 2004, pp. 527-531.

Graf, J. „Kapillarreinigung, eine schonende Methode in der Restaurierung?“ in: Ägypten lesbar machen- die klassische Konservierung/Restaurierung von Papyri und neure Verfahren. Beiträge des 1. Internationalen Workshops der Papyrusrestauratoren Leipzig, 7.-9. September 2006, hrsg. v. Jörg Graf und Myriam Krutzsch (Archiv für Papyrusforschung, Beih. 24), Berlin, New York 2008, S. 23-27.

Kwiatkowski, K.” Zastosowanie lamp analitycznych do odczytywania papirusów. (The Use of Analytical Lamps for Reading Papyri).” Meander, Vol. 5, No. 8, 1950, pp. 469-478.

Mochella, V., et. al. “Revealing Letters in Rolled Herculaneum Papyri by X-ray Phase-contrast Imaging.” Nature Communications, 6, 2015, pp. 1-6. https://www.nature.com/ articles/ncomms6895.

Mrusek, R. and Fuchs, R. and Oltrogge, D.: Spektrale Fenster der Vergangenheit. Ein neues Reflektographieverfahren zur Untersuchung von Buchmalerei und historischem Schriftgut. In: Naturwissenschaften 82, 1995, S. 68-79.

Ragab, H.: New theory brought forward about adhesion of papyrus strips. IPH yearbook of paper history 1:113-30.

Seales, W. B., J. Griffioen, and R. Baumann. “Analysis of Herculaneum Papyri With X-ray Computer Tomography.” In Art ’11: 10th International Conference on Non-destructive Investigations and Microanalysis For the Diagnostics and Conservation of Cultural and Environmental Heritage, Brescia, Italy, 2011.

Stege, H., Hahn, O. and Müller, J.: Die mobile Mikro-Röntgenfluoreszenzanalyse. Neue Möglichkeiten der In-situ-Untersuchung. In: Restauro 6, 2004, S. 385-389.

Terras, M. “Mummy Mask Cartonnage Imaging Program.” University College London, Arcadia Grant 3733 Project Report, M. B. Toth, ed., April 4, 2017, pp. 1-38.

Oates, J.F. “Reading Invisible Ink: Digital Imaging of P.Duk.Inv 716.” Zeitschrift fur Papyrologie und Epigraphik, Bd 127 (1999), pp. 127 - 130. Oltrogge, D.: Zerfallen – nicht lesbar – nicht sichtbar. Die Bandpaßfilter- Reflektographie als Hilfsmittel der Handschriftenkunde. In: Totenbuch- Forschungen. Gesammelte Beiträge des 2. Internationalen Totenbuch- Symposiums 2005. Hrsg. von Burkhard Backes et al. Wiesbaden 2006, S. 273- 282.


History of This Chapter


This page was created in October, 2018 by Alexander Bero using material contributed by Marieka Kaye and Theresa Smith.


Book and Paper Group Wiki
Using the Wiki

·Contributors Toolbox ·Reference and Bibliography Protocols ·Accessing Conservation Literature (AIC) ·Help Wanted ·Template for New BPG Chapter

Materials and Tips

·Annual Meeting Tips Sessions ·Materials, Equipment, and Tools ·Adhesive Recipes and Tips
·Gels, Thickeners, and Viscosity Modifiers (ECPN) ·Oddy Tests (R&A) ·Instrumental Analysis (Paintings) ·Technical Examination (Paintings) ·Microchemical Testing (R&A)

Preservation

·Selection for Preservation ·Exhibition, Supports, Transport ·Imaging and Digitization ·Housings ·Encapsulation ·Integrated Pest Management (AIC) ·Environmental Guidelines(AIC) ·Environmental Monitoring(AIC) ·Agents of Deterioration (AIC) ·Light Levels (AIC) ·Pollutants and Contaminants (AIC) ·Emergency Preparedness & Response (AIC)

Conservation History and Ethics

·Culturally Sensitive Treatment ·Conservation Ethics (AIC) ·History of Conservation and Conservators (AIC) ·AIC Code of Ethics and Guidelines for Practice