Treatment Materials

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This page contains bibliographic references for treatment materials used in objects conservation.

Cleaning: Gels and thickeners bibliography

Adhesives and consolidants

Blewett, Morwenna. 2005. “Consolidation issues and treatment strategies for delaminating layers on reverse glass painting: a literature review and case study.” The Picture Restorer 28: 3-11.

Del Grosso, Chelsey A., Johannes A. Poulis, E. René de la Rie. 2019. “The photo-stability of acrylic tri-lock copolymer blends for the consolidation of cultural heritage.” Polymer Degradation and Stability 159: 31-42.

Down, J. 2015. Adhesive Compendium for Conservation, Canadian Conservation Institute.

Down, Jane L.; MacDonald, Maureen A.; Tétreault, Jean; and Williams, R. Scott, “Adhesive testing at the Canadian Conservation Institute-an evaluation of selected poly(vinyl acetate) and acrylic adhesives,” in: Studies in conservation, vol. 41, no. 1, 1996, pp. 19-44.

Feller, R. L. and M. Wilt, Evaluation of Cellulose Ethers for Conservation: Research in Conservation – 3 (California: J. Paul Getty Trust, 1990).

Geiger, Thomas, Françoise Michel. 2005. “Studies on the Polysaccharide JunFunori Used to Consolidate Matt Paint.” Studies in Conservation 50: 193-204.

Harrold, Jillian and Zofia Wyszomirska-Noga, "Funori: The use of a traditional Japanese adhesive in the preservation and conservation treatment of Western objects" in Adapt & Evolve 2015: East Asian Materials and Techniques in Western Conservation. Proceedings from the International Conference of the Icon Book & Paper Group, London 8-10 April 2015 (London, The Institute of Conservation: 2017), 69–79.

Horelick, Lauren, Kelly McHugh, and Odile Madden. 2011. “What’s Going on with Guts: Assessing Adhesives Used to Repair Cultural Objects Made of Gut Skin.” Proceedings of Symposium 2011 Adhesives and Consolidants for Conservation.

Katz, Kenneth B. 1985. “The Quantitative Testing and Comparisons of Peel and Lap/Shear for Lascaux 360 HV and BEVA 371.” Journal of the American Institute for Conservation, Vol. 24, No. 2 (Spring). Pp. 60-68.

Kronthal, Lisa, Judith Levinson, Carole Dignard, et. al. 2003. “BEVA 371 and its Use as an Adhesive for Skin and Leather Repairs: Background and a Review of Treatments.” Journal of the American Institute for Conservation, Vol. 42, No. 2, Article 9. Pp. 341-362.

Maish, Jeffrey P. "Holding It All Together: Ancient and Modern Approaches to Joining, Repair and Consolidation." (2011): 316-319.

Newman, Walter, and Abigail Quandt. 1994. "Parchment Treatment". Cool.Conservation-Us.Org.

Symposium 2011: Adhesives and Consolidants for Conservation: Research and Application. Canadian Conservation Institute. Papers archived online at:

Fill materials

Davison, S. 1998. Reversible Fills for Transparent and Translucent Materials, JAIC 1998, Volume 37, Number 1, Article 4 (pp. 35 to 47).

Nieuwenhuizen, Linda. 1998. “Synthetic Fill Materials for Skin, Leather, and Furs.” In Journal of the American Institute for Conservation, Vol. 37. Pp. 135-145.

Molding and casting


Protective coatings