Objects template by Materials and Types

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The Objects Wiki section Object Materials and Types aims to unite articles that discuss conservation techniques of the various materials and object types encountered by objects conservators. Within the body of each article, information formatting should seek to be consistent, with Headings and Subheadings presented in the following order: Materials and technology: Materials, Technology, Deterioration; Conservation and care: Preventive conservation, Interventive treatments; References; Further readings.

  • Within the outline below you will find suggestions for additional subheadings included in green font, content relevant to each section, examples, and guidelines for length and formatting.
  • If one of the major outline points or headings is not pertinent to the topic; that point should be skipped and the outline should continue with the next point, although this situation is anticipated to be rare.
  • If you wish to use an additional subheadings section, you can remove the green color formatting by deleting the wiki code: <br><span style="color:green;"> before and </span><br> after the desired subheading and text in the Edit tab.
  • Remember, citations within the text should follow the standard (Author year) JAIC format. For questions on citations or general style, please refer to the JAIC style guide.

When you are finished using the template, please delete all of the formatting and text above the first "Back to the Objects Page" below.

Back to the Objects Page

Oc logo.gif Objects Specialty Group Conservation Wiki
Contributors: Names here in alphabetical order.
Your name could be here! Please contribute.
Copyright: 2011. The Objects Group Wiki pages are a publication of the Objects Specialty Group of the American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works. The Objects Group Wiki pages are published for the members of the Objects Specialty Group. Publication does not endorse or recommend any treatments, methods, or techniques described herein.


Begin with a brief summary or introduction (1-3 sentences) to your material of object type (most likely the title of your page, for example glass, ivory, basketry ). Don't forget to add images as appropriate!

Met Opera.jpg

Materials and technology[edit | edit source]

This section should be used to provide a basic synopsis or refresher of the topic being discussed. Many materials and object types already have excellent references in the form of journal articles, books, websites, Wikipedia entries, and more. Rather than repeat all of that information here, this is a good place to reference significant publications or resources in summary and refer readers directly to the original sources.

===History ===
If appropriate: brief summary or introduction to historical context, art historic background, function, use, etc.

Materials[edit | edit source]

Raw materials; composition; definitions; parts; types; substrate(s); surface decoration; finish; chemical, optical, physical, or thermal properties; etc. *Remember:

Sub-subheadings use this formatting[edit | edit source]

Type your text here.

Technology[edit | edit source]

Sources, processing, tools, fabrication, manufacture, design, construction, decorative techniques, etc.

If appropriate: visual examination, microscopy, spot tests, instrumental techniques, etc. In order to reduce overlap, generic identification issues could refer to the appropriate RATS wiki section such as Materials Testing, Analytical Techniques, or Technical Studies.

Deterioration[edit | edit source]

Material/object specific issues attributed to physical, chemical, or biological factors including light, heat, moisture, pollution, mechanical damage, faults in the design, poor quality materials, inherent vice, etc.

Conservation and care[edit | edit source]

This information is intended to be used by conservators, museum professionals, and members of the public for educational purposes only. It is not designed to substitute for the consultation of a trained conservator.

  • To learn how you can care for your personal heritage, please visit AIC's Resource Center.

===Documentation ===
If appropriate: for examination or documentation issues specific to a material or object type, including tips for accurately and meaningfully documenting specific materials, common types of previous repairs or restoration, etc. For general recommendations, please refer to the Objects wiki article on Conservation Practices or for general conservation work practices, please refer to the main AIC wiki section on Work Practices.

Preventive conservation[edit | edit source]

For material/object type specific issues regarding recommendations for storage and display, handling, inhibitive conservation measures, supports, mounts, labelling, transport, condition surveys, monitoring, etc. In order to reduce overlap, general preventive care issues should refer to or be discussed in the appropriate Preventive Care section of the main AIC wiki.

Interventive treatments[edit | edit source]

Topiary camels at Rough Point, Newport, RI

Don't forget to add images throughout the article as appropriate!
To insert an image as a thumbnail you can use the following code, which will size the image for you, let you align it on the right or left, and allow you to insert a caption. [[File:Image_name.JPG|thumb|right|Caption for the image as you want it to appear]]
Example: [[File:Topiary_camels.JPG|thumb|right| Topiary camels at Rough Point, Newport, RI]]

====Cleaning ====
Mechanical, solvent, chemical, aqueous, poultices, pastes, or gels; reduction of surface dirt, grime, accretions, or stains; removal/reduction of non-original coatings or restorations; etc.

====Reduction of corrosion products ====
For metals. mechanical, electrochemical/electrolytic, or chemical processes; etc.

====Stabilization ====
Consolidation, desalination, deacidification, corrosion inhibitors; etc.

====Structural treatments====
Humidification, reshaping, removal of deteriorated previous structural repairs, structural fills, joining, mending, etc.

====Aesthetic reintegration ====
Loss compensation, fills, casting, molding, re-touching, finishing, etc.

====Surface treatments====
Polishing, coatings, etc.

====Other treatments====
If appropriate: This section heading should be used if the treatment being discussed does not fit into any of the other heading categories.

References[edit | edit source]

Use this section for: works cited, bibliography, including websites, external links, etc. Please list references used within the text in alphabetical order, following the JAIC style guide.

Further reading[edit | edit source]

Use this section for: additional references or resources not cited in the text, external links, etc. For references please follow the JAIC style guide.
Brief annotations are allowed to the extent that the subject dictates.

In regard to Wikipedia articles, for some purposes (particularly academia) Wikipedia may not be an acceptable source, but it does provide an easily accessible online reference. Please see the following article for advise on the appropriate usage of Wikipedia and other encyclopedias: Citing Wikipedia.
This article also explains Wikipedia's "cite tool", which should be used to properly cite an article if it is deemed to be an appropriate reference.

Back to the Objects Page.