Board Attachment

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Boards can be attached individually to each side of the text block, or can be attached to an outer covering first, and this unit attached to the textblock. The latter is called a case. In general, boards are either sewn, laced or glued, or some combination of these.

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Sewn boards


  • A continuation of the sewing thread of the text sections is fed through holes in the boards and wrapped around the spine edge of each board. [See figure 1.]
  • The outermost section of text may be covered and used as boards.


ETHIOPIAN
Sec3-c5 ethiopian outside sm.jpg
ENLARGE
Sec3-c5 ethiopian inside sm.jpg
ENLARGE



SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY:

• Cockerell, S. 1977. Ethiopian Binding, Designer Bookbinders Review.

Laced Supports


In a supported sewing system, the supports extend beyond the textblock spine and are used to secure the boards. Common supports are cords and tapes. These extended supports are fed through holes made to accept them. In this style of attachment, grooves and channels are often cut to recess the supports and these are “fixed” by paste or animal glue, creating a combination of lacing and gluing. Extensions of the endband sewing can also be used as additional attachments.


FRENCH
Sec3-c5 french outside sm.jpg
ENLARGE
Sec3-c5 french outside groove sm.jpg
ENLARGE
Sec3-c5 french inside cord1 sm.jpg
ENLARGE
Sec3-c5 french inside cord2 sm.jpg
ENLARGE


SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY:

• Miura, K. T. 1984. My World of Bibliophile Binding. Berkeley: University of California Press.


NINTH CENTURY
Sec3-c5 9thcent open sm.jpg
ENLARGE
Sec3-c5 9thcent closed sm.jpg
ENLARGE
Sec3-c5 9thcent inside sm.jpg
ENLARGE


LINKS TO BOOK CONSERVATION CATALOG:

• Sewing double cord (Herringbone)

REFERENCE MATERIAL:

• Laura Wait's model from Tony Cain's workshop in Austin, TX.

Laced Case


The limp vellum system of covering attaches a case by using a system of lacing. In this instance, gluing is not always necessary


LIMP VELLUM
Sec3-c5 limp outside sm.jpg
ENLARGE
Sec3-c5 limp spine sm.jpg
ENLARGE
Sec3-c5 limp inside sm.jpg
ENLARGE


SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY:

• Clarkson, C. 1982. Limp Vellum Binding, Herts, England: 1982.

Glued Supports, Hinges, or Other Attachments


  • Paper Hinges
One or more outer leaves of the outer sewn sections may be used as a hinge and glued to the boards.
  • Cloth Hinges
A cloth hinge may be hooked around and sewn to the outermost signature of the textblock. This hinge is glued to the boards.


BRADEL
Sec3-c5 bradel case sm.jpg
ENLARGE
Sec3-c5 bradel case nested sm.jpg
ENLARGE


  • Spine Linings
Cloth or vellum may be glued across the spine and extended to create hinges, which are then glued to the boards.

K-118

See link below for journal article and illustrations.

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY:

• The American Institute for Conservation
The Restoration Rebinding of Speculum Naturale by Vincent of Beauvais, and the Subsequent Development of Several Options for Conservation Rebinding Structures Based on Details Found During the Restoration. v.6, 1987 p.
By Bruce R. Levy http://aic.stanford.edu/sg/bpg/annual/v06/bp06-08.html
  • Split board
Tapes or hinges are glued between the two parts of a double-board.

Historical models, text, and photographs by Pamela Barrios.


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