Boards can be attached individually to each side of the text block, or can be attached to an outer covering first, and this unit attached to the textblock. The latter is called a case. In general, boards are either sewn, laced or glued, or some combination of these.
Wiki Contributors: Pam Barrios, Chris McAffee, please add your name here
- A continuation of the sewing thread of the text sections is fed through holes in the boards and wrapped around the spine edge of each board. [See figure 1.]
- The outermost section of text may be covered and used as boards.
- • Cockerell, S. 1977. Ethiopian Binding, Designer Bookbinders Review.
In a supported sewing system, the supports extend beyond the textblock spine and are used to secure the boards. Common supports are cords and tapes. These extended supports are fed through holes made to accept them. In this style of attachment, grooves and channels are often cut to recess the supports and these are “fixed” by paste or animal glue, creating a combination of lacing and gluing. Extensions of the endband sewing can also be used as additional attachments.
- • Miura, K. T. 1984. My World of Bibliophile Binding. Berkeley: University of California Press.
LINKS TO BOOK CONSERVATION CATALOG:
- • Sewing double cord (Herringbone)
- • Laura Wait's model from Tony Cain's workshop in Austin, TX.
The limp vellum system of covering attaches a case by using a system of lacing. In this instance, gluing is not always necessary
- • Clarkson, C. 1982. Limp Vellum Binding, Herts, England: 1982.
Glued Supports, Hinges, or Other Attachments
- Paper Hinges
- One or more outer leaves of the outer sewn sections may be used as a hinge and glued to the boards.
- Cloth Hinges
- A cloth hinge may be hooked around and sewn to the outermost signature of the textblock. This hinge is glued to the boards.
- Spine Linings
- Cloth or vellum may be glued across the spine and extended to create hinges, which are then glued to the boards.
See link below for journal article and illustrations.
- • The American Institute for Conservation
- The Restoration Rebinding of Speculum Naturale by Vincent of Beauvais, and the Subsequent Development of Several Options for Conservation Rebinding Structures Based on Details Found During the Restoration. v.6, 1987 p.
- By Bruce R. Levy http://aic.stanford.edu/sg/bpg/annual/v06/bp06-08.html
- Split board
- Tapes or hinges are glued between the two parts of a double-board.
Historical models, text, and photographs by Pamela Barrios.
|Paper Conservation Wiki|
|Examination and Documentation|
|Problems and Issues|
·Surface Cleaning ·Hinge, Tape and Adhesive Removal ·Washing ·Sizing & Resizing ·Bleaching ·Alkalization and Neutralization ·Humidification ·Consolidation/Fixing/Facing ·Backing Removal ·Mending ·Filling of Losses ·Drying and Flattening ·Lining ·Inpainting ·Matting and Framing
|Book Conservation Wiki|
|Examination and Documentation|
|Structural Elements of the Book|
·Leaf Attachment/Sewing Repair
·Use of Leather in Book Conservation
·Preservation and Conservation of Scrapbooks
·Case Binding Repair for Circulating Collections
·Non-Western Bookbinding Structures and Their Conservation