PPE Chemical Protective Material Selection Guide

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Health & Safety Committee Conservation Wiki
Copyright: 2013. The Health & Safety Wiki pages are a publication of the Health & Safety Committee of the American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works.
Disclaimer: Some of the information included on this page may be out of date, particularly with regard to toxicological data and regulatory standards. Also, because new information on safety issues is continually published, resources outside of AIC should be consulted for more specific information.


PPE Chemical Protective Material Selection Guide

Recommendations from Forsberg, K and Mansdorf, SZ. 2007. Quick Selection Guide to Chemical Protective Clothing, 5th Edition. New Jersey: Wiley& Sons Inc .

The following chart is intended to help conservators select the appropriate material for chemicals commonly used in conservation. As one can see, no single type of glove is perfect for all solvents. The SDS for the chemicals being used should be reviewed to assess risk for chemical exposure. As always, prudent health and safety practices should always be observed to provide a safe working environment. See Chemical Protective Gloves for more information on selecting gloves, glove types and how to use chemical resistance charts.

Please note that this guide represents the safest materials for both immersion and incidental contact based on results from continuous chemical contact. Therefore, while the chart may indicate thata certain material is rated fair or poor, this rating may not be indicative of splash resistance, or reflect the effectiveness of a particular brand or trade name product. The manufacturer's recommendations also should be consulted when selecting the suitable material, particularly when the gloved hands will be immersed in the chemical.




Recommendations are based on resistance to chemical breakthrough under conditions of continuous contact:

VG = Recommended (> 8 hours of resistance)
G = Recommended (4- 8 hours of resistance)
F = Use with caution (1-4 hours of resistance)
P = Not Recommended (< 1 hour of resistance)
* = Not Tested


Glove Materials
Rubber = Natural Rubber/Latex
PE = polyethylene
PVAL = polyvinyl alcohol
PVC = polyvinylchloride
Silver Shield = North Silver Shield® laminate of polyamide/ethylene vinyl acetate/polyethylene plastic films

Recommendations are not valid for very thin Natural Rubber, Neoprene, Nitrile and PVC gloves(0.3mm or less).




Chemical Butyl Rubber Neoprene Nitrile PE PVAL PVC Silver Shield
Acetic acid VG P F P P P P VG
Acetone VG P P P P P P VG
Ammonium carbonate * VG VG VG * * * *
Ammonium hydroxide (30-70%) VG P G G P P F *
Aniline VG P P P P VG P VG
Benzene P P P P P VG P VG
Benzyl alcohol VG P F G * P P VG
Calcium hydroxide * * VG VG VG * * *
Citric acid(30-70%) VG VG VG VG VG P VG *
Ethyl acetate F P P P P G P VG
Ethanol VG P G F F P P VG
Ethylene glycol VG VG VG VG VG F VG VG
Ferric chloride * * VG VG * P G *
Formic acid(>70%) VG P VG F P P G F
Glycerin/Glycerol VG VG VG VG * * VG VG
Hydrochloric acid (<30%) VG VG VG VG F P G G
Hydrofluoric acid (30-70%) VG F VG P F P F G
Hydrogen peroxide (30-70%) VG VG VG VG VG P G G
Iodine,solid VG * VG VG G * * *
Isooctane P P F VG * G P *
Isopropanol VG P VG VG P P F VG
Chemical Butyl Rubber Neoprene Nitrile PE PVAL PVC Silver Shield
Methanol VG P F P P P P F
Methylcellosolve(methyl glycol) VG P P P * P P G
Methylene chloride P P P P P VG P G
Methyl ethyl ketone G P P P P P P VG
Methyl methacrylate F P P P P VG P VG
Naphthalene P P P P * * P *
Naphtha,15-20% aromatics , (Mineral spirits) P P F VG P G F VG
Naphtha,<30%aromatics, (Petroleum benzine/VM&P) P P P G * G P *
Nitric acid(30-70%) VG P VG P G P F G
o-Toluidine VG * F * P * P VG
Oxalic acid(<30%) VG VG VG VG * P VG VG
Petroleum ether, <1% aromatics P P P VG P * P VG
Phenol(>70%) VG P F P P F P G
Phosphoric acid (>70%) VG VG VG VG VG P VG VG
Potassium hydroxide VG VG VG VG * P VG G
Propanol VG P G G * P F G
Sodium hydroxide * * * * VG * * *
Sodium thiosulfate VG VG VG VG * * VG *
Stoddard solvent P P F VG * G P *
Sulfuric acid(30-70%) VG VG VG F VG P VG VG
Tetrahydrofuran P P P P P F P VG
Toluene P P P P P VG P VG
Trichloroethylene P P P P P VG P VG
Triethanolamine VG F G F * * F G
Turpentine P P P F * G P VG
Xylene P P P P P VG P VG
Chemical Butyl Rubber Neoprene Nitrile PE PVAL PVC Silver Shield




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