PMG Section 1.8 & 1.9 Standards Organizations and Polymer Names

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Photographic Materials Conservation Catalog
Chapter 1 - Exhibition Guidelines for Photographic Materials

Date: July 2004
Compiler: Stephanie Watkins, 1993-2004
Initiator: Douglas Severson, 1992-1993
Contributors (Alphabetical):
Catherine Ackerman, Nancy Ash, Sarah Bertalan, Jean-Louis Bigourdan, Barbara N. Brown, Ed Buffaloe, Carol Crawford, Corinne Dune, Thomas M. Edmondson, Debra Evans, Julia Fenn, Betty Fiske, Gwenola Furic, Judy Greenfield, Doris Hamburg, Marc Harnly, Pamela Hatchfield, Cathy Henderson, Nancy Heugh, Ana Hofmann, Emily Klayman Jacobson, Martin Jurgens, Nora Kennedy, Daria Keynan, Lyn Koehnline, Barbara Lemmen, Holly Maxson, Constance McCabe, John McElhone, Cecile Mear, Jennifer Jae Mentzer, Jesse Munn, Rachel Mustalish, Douglas Nishimura, Leslie Paisley, Sylvie Penichon, Hugh Phibbs, Dr. Boris Pretzel, Dr. Chandra Reedy, Nancy Reinhold, Andrew Robb, Grant Romer, Kimberly Schenck, Douglas Severson, Tracey Shields, Angela Thompson, Sarah Wagner, Clara Waldthausen, Dr. Mike Ware, Stephanie Watkins, Dr. Paul Whitmore, Faith Zieske, Edward Zinn.

First edition copyright: 2004. The Photographic Materials Conservation Catalog is a publication of the Photographic Materials Group of the American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works. The Photographic Materials Conservation Catalog is published as a convenience for the members of the Photographic Materials Group. Publication does not endorse nor recommend any treatments, methods, or techniques described herein.

1.8. Standards Organizations

1.8.1 Contact Information

  • American National Standards Institute (ANSI) 1819 L Street, NW, 6th floor Washington, D.C. 20036 USA 202-293-8020 phone; 202-293-9287 facsimile OR 11 West 42nd Street, 13 floor, New York, N.Y. 10036 USA 212-642-4900 phone; 212-398-0023 facsimile [email protected] http://www.ansi.org
  • Deutsches Institut fur Normung (DIN) Burggrafenstrasse 6 D-10787 Berlin Germany/ Deutschland +49-30-26-01-0 phone; +49-30-26-01-12-31 facsimile [email protected] http://www.din.de
  • International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 1, rue de Varembe Case postale 56 CH-1211 Geneve 20 Switzerland/Suisse +41-22-749-01-11 phone; +41-22-733-34-30 facsimile [email protected] http://www.iso.ch
  • National Information Standards Organization (NISO) 4733 Bethesda Avenue Suite 300 Bethesda, MD. 20814 USA 301-654-2512 phone; 301-654-1721 facsimile http://www.niso.org


1.9. Appendix

1.9.1 Naming of polymers

Every effort has been made by the compiler to be accurate with names of materials. However, materials are often known by their local generic, proprietary, or non-IUPAC (International Union of Physical and Applied Chemists) names, that vary from place to place. Therefore, this short glossary of some polymer terms used in the text is provided.

  • poly (actylaic) [polyacrylics]
    • IUPAC name: poly [l-alkoxycarbonyl) ethylene]
    • proprietary names: Rhoplex (co-polymer of poly [l-ethoxycarbonyl) ethylene] and poly [1-methoxycarbony1)-l-methylethylene]
  • poly (carbonate)
    • IUPAC name: poly (oxycarbonyloxy-1,4,-phenylethylene)
    • proprietary names: Apec, Calibre, FR-PC, Iupilon, Lexan, Panlite, Sinvet poly (ethylene)
  • [poly (olefin)]
    • IUPAC name: poly (ethylene)
    • proprietary names: Aquathene, Bapolene, Ethafoam, Ferrene, Flexomer, Fortiflex, Polyplank, Sentinel, Tyvek, Unival, Volara, Zemid
  • poly (ethylene terephthalate) [polyester]
    • IUPAC name: poly (oxethyleneoxyterephthaloyl)
    • proprietary names: DuPont's Mylar® Type D, Melinex™ 516
  • poly (methyl methacrylate) [PMMA]
    • IUPAC name: poly [l-methoxycarbonyl)-l-methylethylene] (Conservators mainly use atactic form, although it also comes in isotactic and syndiotactic forms.)
    • proprietary names: Acrylite, Acryrex, Cyrolite, Lucite, Oroglas, Perspex, Plexiglas™
  • poly (propylene) [poly (olefins)]
    • ­IUPAC name: poly (propylene) (isotactic); poly (propylene) (syndiotactic)
    • proprietary names: Adpro, Arpak, Arpro, Cefor, Eltex P, Escalloy, Escorene WPP, Hostalen PP, Propak, , Tyvek
  • poly (styrene)
    • IUPAC name: poly (l-phenylethylene)
    • proprietary names: Dylene, Ferroflo, Ladene, Replay, Styrofoam, Styron, Styropor, Valtra
  • poly (vinyl acetate) [PVA, PVAc] [see also poly (vinyl a1cohol)]
    • IUPAC name: poly (l-acetoxyethylene)
    • proprietary names (emulsion): Duratite White Glue (DAP), Elmer's® Glue-All (Borden), Elvace 675CX, 1874 and 40-704, Gelva® (Solutia), Jade 403 and 711, Polymer Tempera (Bardon), Rivit Glue, Resin W, Vinavyl proprietary names (resin): PVA-AYAA, PVA-AYAB, PVA-AYAF, PVA-AYAT, etc. (Union Carbide)
  • poly (vinyl alcohol) [PVA, PVOH] [see also poly (vinyl acetate)]
    • IUPAC name: poly (l-hydroxyethylene)
    • proprietary names: Elvanol® (DuPont), Galvatol® (Solutia), Gohsenol (Nippon Synthetic Chemicals), Lemonl (Borden), Mowiol (Hoechst), Polyviol (Wacker Chemie)



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