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This chapter was created as a chapter of the Book Conservation Catalog. If you are interested in working to develop this page, please contact the Wiki coordinators at [email protected] or add your thoughts to the Discussion tab above. The Paper Conservation Catalog chapter on Parchment is more up to date and currently has greater coverage on this topic.

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Removing the flesh from a deerskin with a traditional curved blade

Early Manufacture (History and Techniques)

  1. Salt (Preserving wet skin)
  2. Dehairing / Degreasing (Scraping, lime, enzymes)
  3. Fleshing (Scraping)
  4. Restraint drying
  5. Finishing (Sanding)

Early American Manufacture (History and Techniques)

Contemporary Manufacture (Practitioners and Techniques)

Use in Book Manufacture (History and Techniques)

Scroll Panels

Codex Leaves

Tapes / Sewing Supports

Covering Material

Other Uses


  • Laminate
  • Seating (slung)
  • Lamp Shades

Musical Instruments, Percussion

Treatment Protocols

Scroll Panels

  • Surface Cleaning
  • Adhesive Removal / Stain Reduction
  • Media Consolidation
  • Mending Materials and Adhesives
  • Humidification and Flattening
  • Housing and Environment

Codex Leaves

Tapes / Sewing Supports

Covering Material

Historical Techniques and Materials


Wikipedia. "Conservation and Restoration of Parchment". Accessed December 19, 2016.

Wikipedia article, with a fairly recent list of references to conservation sources.

Verheyen, Peter D. 2002. "Vellum on Boards (pdf)". Handout available on

Describes a case binding structure for vellum binding with stiff boards, as presented to the 2001 Guild of Book Workers Standards of Excellence. See also Verheyen's article "Vellum Over Boards (PDF). Presentation at 21st Standards of Excellence Seminar (2001). Guild of Book Workers Journal 39:1 Spring 2004. 6-20.

Book and Paper Group Wiki
Using the Wiki

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Materials and Tips

·Annual Meeting Tips Sessions ·Materials, Equipment, and Tools ·Adhesive Recipes and Tips
·Gels, Thickeners, and Viscosity Modifiers (ECPN) ·Oddy Tests (R&A) ·Instrumental Analysis (Paintings) ·Technical Examination (Paintings) ·Microchemical Testing (R&A)


·Selection for Preservation ·Exhibition, Supports, Transport ·Imaging and Digitization ·Housings ·Encapsulation

Conservation History and Ethics

·Culturally Sensitive Treatment ·Conservation Ethics (AIC) ·History of Conservation and Conservators (AIC)